13thmass.org Banner

About Us
Contact Us
Reciprocal Links
Site Map

About Us

     Welcome to the website dedicated to preserving the Civil War history & record of the men of the 13th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteers.   The site is new (launched June 2, 2008) so check back periodically.  We have a lot of material.  It will grow.  Detailed pages for each section of the history will be added with soldiers letters, newspaper transcripts, photos and reminiscences.

     Greg Dowden,  Brad Forbush & Art Rideout met in the late 1990's.  We all had two things in common.  We had ancestors who served in the 13th Mass & we wanted to learn more about them and what they did.  At that time there was very little information on-line about this regiment.  "Three Years in the Army" the regimental history written in 1893 by Charles E. Davis, Jr. was our primary resource until Greg's significant discovery of the 13th Regiment Association Circulars. 

     Between 1888 - 1922 veterans of the regiment mailed a circular to association members announcing the time & place of annual re-union dinners held in Boston.  Each circular briefly summarized attendance & activities at the previous year's event.  Soon letters articles & poems appeared - reminiscences of the soldiers,  detailing their war time adventures.  We determined to collect all 35 issues of this rare publication.  It took two years.

     Brad indexed the 1000 pages of the circulars & Art made them available to interested parties on computer disc.  Our knowledge base grew exponentially from that time forward.  New source materials scrounged from libraries, given us by other descendants of soldiers & shared with us by collectors brought more history  to light.  This website is the culmination of all these efforts.  It is dedicated to the memory of those who served in the 13th Mass; dusting off their lives and accomplishments to share with all those interested.

Our Predecessors

William Henry Forbush

    Photo of William Henry Forbush William Henry Forbush joined the Westboro Rifles 2 months before his 18th birthday.  At Fort Independence, July 16, 1861 he mustered into the 13th Mass as a private in Company K.  Records show he was sick with a fever in the regimental hospital, Sharpsburg, August 14 - 19 two weeks after the regiment arrived in western Maryland.  He was with his company at the engagements of Bolivar Heights, October, 1861; Cedar Mountain, Thoroughfare Gap, and 2nd Bull Run, Aug. 1862.  A gunshot wound to the left hand received at the latter battle sent him to a hospital in Philadelphia.  While recovering there he transferred into Battery C, 3rd U.S. Horse Artillery in December, 1862.  Perhaps he thought he had a better chance of survival in that branch of the service.  He completed his 3 year term of enlistment with this unit in July, 1864.  He listed the following artillery engagements on the back of his muster out papers:  Chancellorsville, Kelly's Ford, Aldie, Middleburg, Upperville, Smithburg & Williamsport (pursuit of Lee's Army following Gettysburg) Culpepper, Raccoon Ford,  Robertson River, and Kilpatrick's Raid to Richmond, Feb.28th  - March 4th 1864.  Mustered out at City Point, Va.on July 7th 1864 he returned to his home town of Westboro, MA too sick to continue in his old occupation  - sleigh-maker.  He had poor health for the rest of his life, which he attributed to a cold he caught while in the service. 

     Eventually he entered into a successful  business partnership with his uncle, Gilmon Morse; running a dry-goods store (Morse & Company).  He died of consumption at age 37 in January, 1881.  He left a widow and a 7 year old son.  His widow Alice re-married another veteran, Dexter Brigham in 1883. Alice Brigham died in 1927.   William's son Clifton Eugene Forbush 1873 -1954, eventually moved & settled in Peekskill, NY.  William Henry Forbush's diary of 1863 and several photographs survive.  Some of these can be viewed at this web site.

William H. H. Rideout

    Photo of W. H. H. Rideout An original member of Company B, (considered the 'B'est company by its members) William H. H. Rideout served the whole 3 year term of enlistment with the regiment. The regimental roster states he was taken prisoner Aug. 30, 1862, which means he would have been one of the many soldiers overrun by Confederate troops on Chinn Ridge at the battle of 2nd Bull Run.   He is described as a ladies man by some of his comrades.  Indeed he was married 3 times. When his first wife died at age 38, he at the age of 46 married a gal age 28.  She died at age 38 and he then remarried a gal age 23 when he was 58.  He lived another 20 years until 1920.  His 3rd wife collected a pension until her death at age 82 in 1958.    For many years after the war he was employed at the Boston Custom House as inspector of cigars.  A position he retained until the time of his death.  William had 3 sons, Henry 1865-1924, William 1872-1920 and Carl 1876-1927.  All three made several of the  re-unions with their dad.  At one re-union Carl's daughter Ethel, 1906-2004 spoke to the veterans.  In later years Art Rideout, Carl's grandson, asked Ethel what she had to say to the soldiers, but she could only remember speaking, not what she said.  William belonged to the E.W. Kinsley Post No. 113 of the Grand Army of the Republic in Boston, Mass.  He & his 3 wives are buried at the Mt. Wollaston Cemetery, Quincy, Norfolk County, Massachusetts.

James Augustus Smith

    Photo of James Augustus Smith, Co. I James Augustus Smith already had deep Yankee roots when President Lincoln called for volunteers in 1861. Born in 1838, the son  of a shipwright in Mattapoisett, Massachusetts, Smith promptly signed on to preserve the Union.  In July 1861 Smith marched through Boston as Corporal in Company I of the 13th Mass.  In Harpers Ferry, Virginia during the fall of 1861, his company stole away with the "John Brown bell" as a souvenir.  At 2nd Bull Run, Smith suffered a severe strain while carrying a wounded comrade from the field.  Hospitalized for the strain & dysentery, he was discharged in April 1863.  He re-enlisted in the spring of 1864, participating in Grant's Overland Campaign as 1st Sergeant of Company H, 58th Massachusetts Veteran Regiment; Burnside's IX Corps.  The 58th fought at Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna River and Cold Harbor, where the "Regt. was all laying down on our Belleys...." and a bullet sliced across Smith's head.  After recovering he re-joined his comrades in the Siege of Petersburg.   As the 58th hunkered down, Smith wrote to his wife Georgie, and mentions "listening to every sound to distinguish the blowing of the bushes from the rustle of the enemy."

     On September 30th, 1864 Smith was shot in the chest at Peeble's Farm and taken to a POW hospital in Richmond.  Almost everyone else from his regiment, who wasn't killed or wounded, went to deadly Salisbury Prison in North Carolina.  After being paroled, he spent the remainder of the war hospitalized.

     Smith returned home in the summer of 1865 and raised a family with Georgie.  As a machinist he invented two devices, earning patents for each.  He had four daughters and lived to the age of 73 before dying of a stroke in 1911.

James Augustus Smith copyright 2002 Greg Dowden.  All rights reserved.

Return to Top

13th mass.org logo
Home | History | About UsContact Us | Reciprocal Links | Site Map