Mr. Ed Welch compiled this list of '13th Mass'
casualties at the
battle of Gettysburg using the Massachusetts State Adjutant General's
Report, 1865. Compiling lists such as this is a big job,
with small errors which continually creep into the data. I
pasted Mr. Welch's list directly onto this page, but modified and
checked each listing for additional information. Soldiers names
highlighted in red, are those who were killed outright or died from
their wounds. I cross-reference the names of those
or died of wounds with other sources, starting with the roster in the
regimental history, "Three Years in the
Army" by Charles E. Davis, Jr.,
Boston, Estes & Lauriat, 1894.
Davis's roster is
comprehensive but contains several errors and omissions.
were corrected to the best of his ability when new information came to
him. Corrections to the roster were printed in the
"Thirteenth Regiment Association" Circulars. Most of the
corrections, including revised lists of those killed in the various
battles, can be found in Circular #8, December, 1895.
additional minor omissions are corrected in Circular #9, December,
1896. One soldier, Louis Edward Granger of Company
his half-page long list of war-time accomplishments printed in
This completed the roster corrections as far as the
was concerned. Without these references quite a few important
in the regimental history roster as published in the aforementioned
Another source given preference on this
page, is the list of '13th Mass' soldiers killed from the book
titled, "These Honored Dead:
The Union Casualties at Gettysburg" (1996) by John
Mr. Busey's methodology was painstaking.
He secured his information from six primary sources: State
and regular army registers of deceased soldiers; regimental and
superior unit casualty lists for the battle; State Adjutant General's
Office compilations of soldiers which served during the war from most
Northern States at the engagement; Union hospital records; a register
of original burial sites of Union soldiers on the battlefield compiled
by Mr. J.G. Frey of Gettysburg; and two listings of burials in the
Soldiers' and Evergreen Cemeteries at Gettysburg, one compiled by Mr.
Edmund Raus in 1977, and one by Mr. David Wills in 1864. All
of this material was carefully examined and cross-referenced so
preference was given to
his work, when any discrepancies arose. But generally, it
complimented the work of Mr.Welch.
Of those soldiers killed at Gettysburg,
I have posted images of the five men I have in my collection.
So many men of the regiment were either killed,
wounded, or captured, that
I thought this page was a good place to post some random portraits of
soldiers not yet pictured on this site.
Visitors can see from the
quantitative list of men, how
few are represented. There are still many stories and images
would like to thank Mr. Scott Hann for the portraits of Company B men;
Sewell for Roland Morris, and Mr. Art
Rideout, for finding the image of Herschel Sanborn for
me. I have attempted to include additional
information, when known for all the killed soldiers, and brief
biographies when possible, for soldiers pictured
here. Any new biographical information is welcome so
I would encourage readers to contact me.
Proud descendants Lisa Munn Haynes and Nancy
Martsch provided me with notes and information about their
ancestors, Thomas Jefferson Munn, Company A; and John Best,
Company G; respectively. Descendant Nate Grove
family lore regarding his ancestor Frank A. Gould of Southboro, Mass.
Art Rideout greatly
assisted me with genealogical and military searches from the National
and other sources. Woburn Public Library Archivist Mr. Thomas
Doyle enthusiastically responded to my request for biographical
materials on Huntington Porter.
Most of the fighting and losses in the regiment
occurred on July 1st. This page begins with a list of killed
on that day. Then a list of wounded, then a list of captured men.
This is followed by a short list of casualties on July 2nd
and July 3rd which is found near the bottom of the page.
Finally there is a list of soldiers buried at the National
Cemetery at Gettysburg.
The placement of images and soldier biographies on
this page may seem random, yet there was a logic to it. They
are placed under the list on which they are included. This
means biographies of soldiers buried at the National Cemetery are at
the bottom of the page, under pictures of their grave stone markers.
Readers however can use the highlighted links to
jump around the page to view pictures and notes as desired.
grave error should be mentioned up front. Buried in the
Gettysburg National Cemetery are the remains of Private
F. Leslie, Company G, who died
of wounds received at the battle of Antietam. Although the roster says
he was mustered out in March, 1863, evidence is found that he died
shortly there after at a hospital in New Jersey, and is buried at the
National Cemetery under the wrong name. See the section on
this page titled, 'Some
Mistakes' [pun intended]
for more information.
Images of Charles Leland, Edwin Field, Albert Lynde, James
Young, John MacMahon, Charles Collins, Joseph Morrill, and Elias Hodge
were given to me by Mr. Scott Hann. Roland Morris, George
Fred Ford and Rollin T. Horton, are from the collection of Mr. Tim
Sewell, a descendant of 13th Mass soldier James Lowell. Mr.
Art Rideout found the image of H. A. Sanborn on-line.
The image of Charles A. Clement, and William Wallace Davis
are from the Army Heritage Education Center at Carlisle, PA;
Thomas Jefferson Munn was provided by his proud descendant
Lisa Munn-Haynes. John Best was provided by proud descendant
Nancy Martsch. Charles E. Horne was provided by Mr. Stephen Heinstrom
Stoneham, Massachusetts. Huntington Porter's portrait was provided by
Woburn Public Library Archivist Tom Doyle. There is an
excellent on-line exhibit at the library website of other Civil War
veterans from the town of Woburn. The portraits of Warren I. Stetson
and Zoheth B. Woodbury can be found, with others in the book, 'History
of the Town of Berlin, Worcester County Mass., From 1784 to 1895' by
William A. Houghton; Worcester, Mass. Blanchard & Co. Printers,
1895. Other portraits including Charles R. Dale, Edwin
Buswell, Algernon Auld, and Sanford K. Goldsmith, were
discovered digitally at various auction houses or from friends.
ALL IMAGES have been edited in PHOTOSHOP.
to Table of Contents
of Veterans Who Attended
the 50th Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg
Staff. - Elliot C. Pierce
Company A. -
Charles F. Adams,
Rollin T. Horton, Walter E. Swan, J.W. Fiske, Dennis J. Walker, George
A. Tainter, John Shaw, George E. Jepson, and Henry Kellog.
B. - W. H. H. Howe, W. H. H. Pierce, George H. Hill, Alonzo
Laws, James A. Young, Charles N. Richards, Michael G. Ayres and Herbert
Company D. -
Samuel D. Webster and S. F. Cushing.
Company E. -
Bartlett C. Waldron, Joseph W. Macrae, George Lehman, and John Callahan.
Company G. -
Wilmot K. Pratt and Stephen W. Lufkin.
Company I. -
Moses P. Palmer.
Company K. -
William R. Warner, Austin C. Stearns, Lyman Haskell, George W.
Clifford, and C. W. Comstock.
This list was
supplied by Sam Webster, of St. Louis, and is as near correct as it was
possible in the confusion to obtain. -Printed in Thirteenth Regiment
Association Circular #26, December, 1913.
To Table of Contents
List of Casualties Reported in
the Boston Traveler,
July 10, 1863.
Carolyn Wainwright, Thirteenth
Massachusetts descendant of Abel B. Hastings, Co. I, sent me the
following comprehensive list of casualties reported in the Boston
Traveler. The list was sent to the Massachusetts Adjutant
General's Office by Lt.-Col. N. Walter Batchelder, and appears to be
the most comprehensive and accurate list on record.
BOSTON TRAVELER, JULY 10, 1863.
I have added a few corrections in
brackets - B.F.
Official List of Casualties in the Massachusetts
Col Leonard, wounded slightly, in arm.
Co. A. — Wounded, Serg’t. S. S. Hinkley, breast,
Pearson, foot; Corp. W. H. Weldon, leg; Corp. Jones in face
(prisoner); John L. Weldon, leg; John H. Shaw, leg;
John L. Murray, knee; Charles F. Adams, leg; Charles B.
Dodge, hand; Thos. J. Mann, [Munn]
Co. B. — Chas. E. Leland and Edwin Field, both mortally
Co. C. — Wounded, Wm. A. Alley, in breast; Corp.
C. A. Clement,
breast; Corp. R. B. Morris, mortally; E. I. Buswell, hip;
John S. Fiske, neck.
Co. D. — Wounded, F. B. Hastings, foot.
Co. E. — Wounded — Sergt. Henry Dore, thigh, [Henry
E. A. Fiske, severely; Sergt. Saml. H. Hadley; Corp. Robt.
Cowie, foot; Corp. C. A. McLaughlin, shoulder; Wm. Williams,
mortally; Edward Church, mortally; Geo. A. Springer,
arm; T. J. Downey, hand; Henry Rimbach, breast; L. F.
Clough; Saml. H. Griffin; Horace Mann, slightly.
Co. F. — Wounded — Sergt. E. C. Pierce, knee; George A.
Co. G. — Wounded — Sergt. Wise, leg; Corp. H. A.
Corp. T. F. Trow, leg; M. Matthews, leg; Corp. Henry
Howard, arm and side; W. R. Brigs, leg; N. M. Bancroft, arm
and side; J. Best, leg; W. W. Davis, arm; R. King, breast
severely; Peter Garsey, leg, [Peter Garvey]; S.
arm; H. Porter, leg, seriously; C. R. Dale, leg,
severely; Henry Dedman, leg.
Co. H. — Wounded — Sergt. Wm. Cutler, knee; Sergt.
leg; Corp. P. A. Dunton, hip and foot; Corp. Wm. Mann,
side; M. F. Barry, leg; S. Hayes, breast, severely;
Geo. W. Smith, wrist; M. N. Kittridge, head and groin; H.
A. Staples, leg; John Brock, mortally, (died).
Co. I. — Wounded — Capt. M. P. Palmer, knee;
Klennert, thigh; Corp. Albion Jackson, face; Corp. John
Russell, side, severely; Geo. Curtis, leg; Henry Long,
leg; Chas. Stone, knee; Chas. Andrews, killed; James
Ryan, both arms.
Co. K. Killed — Sergt. Willard Wheeler.
Wounded — Corp. Walker, foot; H. C. Ross, arm and leg; H.
A. Cutting, head; Geo. E. Sprague; A. Gareld, hip [Most
likely Frank A. Gould]; Samuel Jordan; A. A. Vining,
John Flye, leg, severely; Michael O’Laughlin, knee, severely.
The following are missing, supposed to be prisoners:
Co. A. — Sergt. J. A. Boudwin, Corp. R. F. Horton, Corp.
N. M. Putnam,
Corp. W. H. Freeman, E. F. Allen, E. A. Boyd, J. C. Clark, G. F. Ford,
W. S. Fowler, E. P. Hayes, J. F. Pope, E. C. Reed.
Co. B. — Lieut. Tower, Sergt. R. M. Armstrong, Sergt.
Corp. Geo. H. Hill, Albert E. Morse, E. T. Dodge, John B. Curtis,
Thomas Buffum, W. T. Blanchard, Charles Collins, C. D. Kimball,
Albert Lynde, J. McMorrill, Henry A. Metcalf, Chas. R. Packard, George
B. Stone, Wm. H. Sprague, James A. Young.
Co. C. — Sergts. J. L. McCoy, J. Kenney; Corp. E. W.
Shutter, A. S.
Auld, Wm. B. Johnson, A. Johnson, A. Davidson, Henry Richards, Wm. F.
Stoddard, M.D. Doherty.
Co. D. — Corp. J. O. Miles, A. M. Barton, F. D. Locke,
C. C. McGraw,
Edwin Pratt, Frank Ripley, D. Sporrow.
Co. E. — J. S. Donold, [Donnell], Alden Winslow,
Lloyd, Wm. H.
Lord, C.A. Langley, C. H. Maynard, M. F. Kelley, Geo. Lehman, D. C.
Waldron, J. E. Cook, Joseph Mackae.
Co. F. — Sergts. G. N. Bridgewater, Z. B. Woodbury;
Corp. C. C. Smith;
Wm. F. Brigham, Abel B. Hastings, J. McCarron, Wm. A. Newhall, E. W.
Prouty, Spencer Smith, Geo. T. Smith, Geo. L. Swift, Lewis Roberts.
Co. G. — James McKay, William Trow, C. H. Conant.
Co. H. — Sergeant Chas. E. Gerald, Corp. M. A.
Wentworth, D. A.
Lovering, C. A. Bigelow, W. W. Pedrick, John Fitzsimmons, H. F. Moore.
Co. I. — Sergts. Stowe and Stetson, Corporals Park,
Donovan and Preble,
Geo. T. Brigham, A. D. Brigham, J. F. Childs, M. Murphy, G. T. Raymond.
Co. K. — Lieut. Whiston; Lieut. Carey, James Slattery,
John F. Bates,
Geo. Clifford, Geo. W. Hall, Chas. F. Rice, Geo. Seaver, H. C. Vining,
List of casualties while skirmishing, July 3d: —
Lieut. Horn, slightly wounded in neck; Corp. W. H. H. Parker, Co. C,
both legs; Corp. D. L. Jones, Co. G, hand; Geo. S. Wise, Co. D, leg,
severely; B. P. Morris, Co. E, shoulder, slightly; Corp. Geo. F. Jones,
Co. E, knee.
Lieut. Col. Batchelder of the Mass. 13th regiment, has
sent to the
Adjutant General an interesting account of the part taken by that
regiment in the late battles. On the 1st inst. Gen. Reynolds corps, to
which it is attached, marched from Emmettsburg to Gettysburg.
They were attacked by the enemy at half-past one
13th was posted on the extreme right, without support, to prevent a
flanking movement by the enemy. Col. Leonard was wounded early in
the engagement. The regiment sustained its position alone for one hour.
In one charge they captured 132 prisoners, including
Being hard pressed, our troops fell back, and while passing through the
town the regiment lost some prisoners. The regiment went in to
action with 260 men in line, and the next morning could muster but 15
officers and 79 men.
They remained in the rear as supports the two following
days, but were
once or twice ordered to the front for a short time, when our lines
were hard pressed.
This letter, written on the 5th says that for four days
the men had got
no sleep, and but little food. A postscript adds that they had
just been ordered to fall in to pursue the enemy.
Return to Table of Contents
July 1st 1863.
In the following lists, the ages given are
the age of the soldier at the time of enlistment.
Generally, this was July 16th, 1861 when the 10 companies
assembled were sworn in the the service as the 13th Regiment,
Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. Other recruits joined the
unit, most notably in August and September of 1862, when about 150 new
recruits came into the ranks. The records of soldiers who
died of wounds is given in the Notes and Photos Sections following the
list. Other records of those soldiers who died at Gettysburg
are found in the 'Wartime Burials' Section of this page.
Charles E. Leland (pic)
Mass., Wounded in the intestines and killed, July 1. Age, 18.
Sergeant Roland B. Morris (pic)
Mass., Wounded in the intestines and killed, July 1. Buried
on Elias Sheads' school lot. Age 22. (notes)
John S. Fiske
Chelsea, Mass. Killed July 1; Age 23. (notes)
James H. Stetson
Mass., Killed July 1, Age 19. (notes)
George A. Atkinson
Mass. Killed July 1, Age 25. (notes)
Herschel A. Sanborn (pic)
Mass., Killed July 1. Age 22, at enlistment. (notes)
John M. Brock
Mass., Wounded in the heart and killed, July 1, Age 21.
Sylvester A. Hayes
Mass., Wounded in the left lung July 1 and died the same day; Age, 33.
Charles W. Andrews
John M. Russell
Mass., Wounded in the left lung and killed July 1; Age, 20. (notes)
Mass. Killed July 1; Age, 25. (notes)
Notes & Photos
below left to
right, are, Private Charles
E. Leland, Company
B; Color-Sergeant Roland Morris, Company C; and Private Edwin
Field, Company B. Leland and Field
were both from
Chelsea, Massachusetts. The images of Leland and Field came
through Mr. Scott Hann. The image of Roland Morris came to
my by Mr. Tim Sewell.
Charles E. Leland enlisted in the 4th
Rifles a couple months shy of his 17th birthday, so he
would have needed his parents signature to enlist. Some of
letters appear throughout this website, including the last one he wrote
home. An older friend of the family serving in the same
George Worcester, looked after Charles as well as he could, and in one
letter to the family thought Charles might have a chance at getting an
officer's commission in one of the black regiments being
organized in Massachusetts. Charles was tragically killed in
action July 1st,
shortly before his 19th birthday. He is buried in Walpole,
Sergeant Roland Morris,
of Company C, was the much
lamented carrier of the
National Color, at the time he fell. Much about him has already been
posted on this website. His comrade, George Jepson
Morris in his long article titled 'Gettysburg,' which included the eye
witness account of Morris's death as told by 1st Lieutenant Jacob A.
Howe. Morris was a student at Heidelberg when the war broke
and he hurried to catch a steamer to the states so he could
enlist. He went into the 4th Battalion of Rifles, as many
Boston boys did. Jepson describes Morris as 'an attractive
fellow of great popularity among his comrades.' This must
been so, for he is frequently remembered in the surviving stories of
the 13th Massachusetts veterans, who chose to model their monument
at Gettysburg in Morris's likeness. In a letter written July
13th, 1863, to
Colonel Leonard from an un-identified '13th Mass' staff officer, the
author tells the Colonel, "Mr. Morris left this P.M. with the
body of his son." The Morris family had another son
who survived the
war. William D. Morris was a 24 year old 2nd Lieutenant in
the 22nd Mass., Company B; a regiment that was organized in
Senator Henry Wilson of Natick. After a couple of engagements
with this regiment on the Peninsula, Lt. Bill Morris resigned and was
discharged from the service on June 14, 1862, after he had been
in action. The roster of the 13th Mass., gives the following record for
Roland B. Morris: Age, 22; born, Nantucket, Mass.; architect;
mustered in as priv., Co. C, July 16, 1861; killed, July 1,
color sergeant when killed. You can read more about
and also here.
Edwin Field enlisted at
age 20, so he would be
age 22 when he died
July 2nd. Thirteen
of his letters are preserved in a government pension file. In
June, 1890, Charles Field, Edwin's 89 year old father, was "without
means, income or support other than that derived from a daughter,
herself an invalid." He looked to the government for
via a pension Congress offered to Dependant relatives of Union
soldiers. Because he lost his only son in the war "to whom he
might have looked to for support," an application was made. A
previous application for help from Charles mother, about the year 1883
was rejected, on the grounds that "we were not
dependent upon the soldier at the time of his death." Seven
years later, she was gone, and things
have been pretty hard for the surviving members of the family when they
applied again. I do not
know if Mr. Field's pension request was successful, [I do not have the
complete file], but what I have shows Mr. Field still trying in
February, 1892. He would have been 91 years of age.
With forethought that the family might
one day want to apply for a
pension, Edwin's sister Susie gave 13 of Edwin's war-time
letters to a friend and legal expert for safe
keeping in 1884. All of the letters were written from camp,
after the regiment was paid off. In them, Edwin
amount of money he is mailing to the family. Like other
he would dutifully set aside a generous portion of his meager
wages to send home. There is little in these letters that
suggests the hardships and arduous campaigns Edwin suffered as the war
paymaster always arrived during
quiet times in camp. Edwin's letters are always
attitude and nothing was written to suggest any regret of
his decision to enlist. However with context, an
inevitable weariness of war can be detected
creeping into the private soldier's
correspondence after the repeated failures and
campaigns of 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg and
In October, 1861, he wrote his sister from
Williamsport, Maryland, "our boys are anxious for a fight and hope we
shall have it before a great while." High hopes are expressed
May, 1862; "the takeing of New Orleans was a big thing
as it gives us the whole control of the Mississippi river
will not be but two more battles before this war will be closed."
Following McClellan's failures on the Peninsula,
writes in June, "I do not think we should get home by the fourth of
July the way things look now..." After the defeat of 2nd
Run and the bloody battle at Antietam, he still didn't complain much:
"about half the companies have been commanded by sergents +
corporals - it is true a great many of our officers have been wounded
but the majority of them have been
around Washington under the pretence of being sick when there is any
fight going on but I hope that we shall not see any more of it."
The next letter jumps to January, 1863, following Burnside's
infamous 'Mud March." But ever positive Edwin, after
the mess, and stating, "I still have not got over it yet," continues
with hopeful optimism, "I am quite sure it would have been a successful
move if it had not been for the storm." He remained loyal to
cause to the end, describing the regiment's beautiful camp near White
Oak Church following the Chancellorsville campaign. He
do not know but we shall have to remain in camp all summer unless they
hurry the Conscripts out which I hope will be done & that immediately."
The entirety of this letter is posted on this website.
others I hope to post one day. But that is the last
from poor Edwin.
My appreciative thanks are extended to
Mr. Peter Winfrey for transcribing Edwin's letters, as the handwriting
is very difficult to read.
left to right are Corporal
Herschel A. Sanborn, Company G, and Charles A. Clement,
Company C. I want to
thank Mr. Art Rideout for finding Sanborn's likeness at the
Herschel A. Sanborn was in Company G. He is listed
in the roster as being a
age 22, upon enlistment, which puts him at about age 24 when he was
killed. I don't have a lot of source materials specific to Company G,
but there is the record of
Warner's battlefield experiences. Warner saw Sanborn
fall, and gives us a very brief glimpse of the young
man's final moments.
"In Company G,
which I was stationed with,
I noticed Corporal H. A. Sanborn who had just returned to [the]
Regiment, on recovery from a wound at Antietam, as he was struck, he
turned to the rear, & stood as if hesitating a moment and then
wound at Antietam goes unmentioned in the
roster contained in the regimental history, Three Years in the Army.
But he is listed on Lieutenant Charles B. Fox's carefully
compiled list of casualties for that engagement. I want to
thank Mr. Art Rideout for finding Sanborn's likeness.
Clement is listed as Killed at Antietam in the regimental
was published in
"Three Years in the Army" by Charles E. Davis, Jr. -- Davis
corrected this error, and included Clement in a revised list,
this was only published in Circular #9, December, 1895. The
roster states that Clement was age 21 when he enlisted in the 4th
Battalion of Rifles, Company C; with his occupation listed as printer.
That would make him about 23 at the time of his death. He
was born in Andover, Massachusetts. He died on September 30,
1863 at Letterman Hospital, Gettysburg, from a chest wound
received July 1st. That is all the information I have on
Private Clement. The photograph is in the collection of the
Army Heritage Education Center at Carlisle, PA.
Records for those
soldiers buried in the national cemetery are included on this page in
the section titled, 'Wartime Burials.' The others who were
or died of their wounds are listed here. The following information is
from the regimental rosters, and other sources when mentioned.
John S. Fiske, age, 23;
mustered in as priv., Co. C, Aug. 6, '62; killed, July 1, '63.
Fiske enlisted in the summer of 1862; one of about
recruits that joined the regiment that summer. His funeral
notice was printed in the Chelsea Telegraph & Pioneer.
part it states, "He was the first volunteer from North Chelsea, and
Sergeant Cody of his Regiment, in writing the particulars of his death,
said, "Our much beloved and esteemed friend, and brave comrade, was
wounded in a glorious cause, and died nobly defending the stars and
stripes, and doing his part to restore this once glorious Union."
The newspaper transcription will be posted on the next page
James H. Stetson, age,
19; born, Medford,
Mass.; clerk; mustered in as priv., Co. C, July 16, '61; killed, July
George A. Atkinson, age, 25; born, Amherst, N.S.-,
mustered in as priv., Co. F, July 16, '6l; killed, July l, '63.
Atkinson is identified as the hero (?) of the story of
General Hartsuff and the baked beans, as told by Company F comrade
Charles Roundy. Its a hilarious story with Private 'Greasy
Cook' Atkinson at center stage, growling at Major-General Hartsuff's
request for a sampling of freshly baked beans, 'not
by a damned sight, I am not feeding every damned tramp that comes
along.” The story can be read on this website here.
George was a member of the Okommakamesit Engine Company, of
Marlborough Volunteer Fire Department, like many of his
from Marlborough that enlisted in the 13th Mass. Sadly,
like many others did not survive the war, but
the story of Hartsuff and the baked beans will live forever.
His name is memorialized on the
Civil War Soldiers' Monument in Marlborough, along with Corporal John
Russell of Company I.
Sylvester A. Hayes, age, 33; born, Milton, N.H.; shoemaker;
as priv., Co. H, July 16, '61; killed, July 1, '63. William
Warner commented on the death of Private Hayes in his memoirs, which is
the only insight I currently have on this member of the 13th.
Warner wrote, "In Company H, S. A. Hayes, a middle
had been detailed as Teamster until within a short time) was shot
cried out, "Who will take care of my children now?" Hayes was
probably 35 at the time of his death.
Charles W. Andrews, age,
19; born, Claremont, N.H.;
mustered in as priv., Co. I, July 28, '62; killed, July l, '63.
Charles Andrews was one of the recruits of
One of his letters, dated April 14, 1863, is posted on this website.
It is an extremely well written and interesting letter.
wrote, "It is thought that we will march
And Hooker means to put us through a course of sprints which
take a great deal of labor to perform but we are able to perform many
tasks if this war can be settled by any help of ours."
Five more of Charles Andrews letters are on file at the Gettysburg
National Park Library, which I have since copied, and will hopefully be
able to add to the site when I update. Charles was about 20 when he
letter is posted here.
John M. Russell, age,
Marlboro', Mass.; shoemaker; mustered in as priv., Co. I, July 16, '61;
killed, July 1, '63; promoted to corporal.
Mrs. Otis Russell
Marlborough, Mass., lost two sons in the war, Corporal John M. Russell,
and his older brother Benjamin F. Russell. The family was a
one, with 17 children. They lived in a home which today
the Marlborough Historical Society. Three of the sons
the 13th Massachusetts Volunteers. Lauriman Russell, an
by profession, was the oldest son. He was age 33 upon
enlistment. Benjamin was
age 23, and John was age 20, when they joined the Marborough
Company which became Company I of the 13th. Benjamin and John
members of the Okommakamesit Engine Company, Volunteer Fire Department,
in Marlborough at the time of their enlistment. They were
likely involved in the taking of the John Brown Bell from the Harper's
Ferry Engine House in 1861, with the idea to send the bell home for the
use at their fire house, which at the time was without a bell.
During their service, both Benjamin and John were promoted; Ben to
Sergeant and John to Corporal. Ben was wounded at the battle
Antietam, but John died first. John was wounded in the left
lung and killed the first day
Gettysburg, while Ben was still lingering in a hospital in Washington,
D.C., still suffering from his Antietam wounds. Benjamin
succumbed to his wounds on October 25, 1863, more than a year after he
received them. Both brothers are buried in Massachusetts;
at Brigham Cemetery in Marlborough. Both their names are
memorialized, with others from the town that gave up their lives during
the war, on the town Civil War Soldiers Monument, dedicated in 1869.
Their Marlborough Comrade Captain Charles F. Morse of the
Mass. presided over the ceremonies at the monument dedication.
Older brother Lauriman
Russell, who sketched many maps of areas along the C
Canal for military use in 1861, mustered out of the regiment in
Wheeler, age, 25; born, Hopkinton,
Mass.; bootmaker; mustered in as
priv., Co. K, July 16, '61; killed. July 1, 63, at Gettysburg appointed
sergeant, March 1, '63.
Lieutenant William Warner, and
Austin C. Stearns saw Sergeant Wheeler fall on July 1st, and both
mentioned it. Warner noted, "Sergeant Wheeler of Co. K, was
almost the first man I saw struck. - He fell over backwards, a ball
having ploughed his forehead..." Sergeant Stearns went into
more detail in his memoirs. Austin Stearns wrote, "The first
thing I saw was Sergeant Wheeler laying on the ground but a short
distance away. There being so much noise and din, I could not
tell by looking at him how bad he was hurt, for I could hear no sound.
I went up and spoke to him, but received no answer.
that he was shot through the head, the bullet striking him in the left
temple, and the blood and brains were oozeing out. While
at him he took his left arm and put it up to his forehead and tried to
wipe it, made a low gurgling sound with his lips at the same time."
Sergeant Stearns even sketched a little picture titled
Wheeler" for his manuscript. Stearns left a very complete
chronicle of Company K in his excellent memoirs, "Three
Company K" for those interested more in Sergeant
Wheeler and others
from this company.
John F. Weldon, age,
born, Portland, Me.; harness-maker; mustered in as priv., Co. A, July
29, '61; Dec. 16,'63, died of wounds received at Gettysburg, July 1,
The book 'These Honored Dead',
by author John W.
Busey, states that Weldon Died of Pyemia at
Portsmouth Grove Rhode Island, December 16.
Charles Stone, age, 19;
shoemaker; mustered in as priv., Co. I. July 16, '6l; wounded, July 1,
'63, at Gettysburg; died of wounds, Oct. 4,
'63. The book, 'These Honored Dead'
adds that Private Stone
was shot in the right knee joint and died October 8 at Letterman
A. Cutting, age, 44; born, Attleboro',
Mass.; bootmaker; mustered in
as priv., Co. K, Aug. 1, '62; died of wounds received at Gettysburg,
July 22, '63.
Five soldiers in company K died of their wounds
received at Gettysburg. They were all present at the Church
Hospital on Chambersburg Street. Sergeant Austin Stearns
mentions everyone in his memoirs. According to Stearns,
Cutting was wounded in the head, yet still living. As Stearns
wrote, "All the boys were in as good spirits as could be expected, and
were all pleased to know that the old flag was still in sight.
With the exception of [Harvey] Ross they were all in the same
room, the vestibule of the church."
George E. Sprague,
age, 27; born,
Mass.; shoemaker; mustered in as priv., Co. K, July 16, '61; died of
wounds received at Gettysburg, July 15, '63.
As noted with
Private Cutting, Sergeant Austin Stearns met up with his
comrades of Company K, at the Christ Church hospital in town.
wrote that Private G. E. Sprague was wounded in the chest.
"Cutting, Gould, O'Laughlin, and Sprague all died in a few
George Sprague was wounded in the right lung and
forearm; he died
July 15 at First Corps Hospital and was buried in the Presbyterian
Gettysburg; later removed and buried in
His pension file shows George married Mary
Wheeler of Grafton on
January 30, 1859. He was a 25 year old shoemaker, and she was
at the time. His parents were Ebenezer and Mary
Mary’s parents were Caleb B. and Lucy M. Wheeler. The
had a son born on November 15, 1859; Frederick S. Sprague.
George’s death Mary received a pension for about a year, until she
re-married Charles E. Freeman, age 20 on July 8, 1864. It was
first marriage, and her 2nd, at age 23. The pension money of
$8.00/month was transferred to Mr. George H. Eastabrook of Worcester,
Mass., who was appointed legal guardian to the child
Mr. Eastabrook continued receiving the government allowance through
June 25, 1875, when Frederick was 16 years of age.
Records for the rest of
those soldiers killed is given in the section 'Wartime
Burials' on this page.
to Top of Page
July 1st 1863.
Those whose names appear in
red died of their
wounds. I have come across some soldiers whose records in
histories or similar sources report them having been wounded.
There are also some men in the regiment that may have died
shortly after they were discharged for disability, and are not included
as having died of wounds. The stories of these
soldiers will be addressed on the next page of this site, titled,
'Aftermath of Battle.'
Samuel H. Leonard
Mass., wounded in the arm.
Surgeon Edgar Parker
Mass., slightly wounded in the head on the steps of Christ Church on
Samuel S. Hinkley
William B. Pearson
Charles B. Dodge
Henry H. Jones
Thomas J. Munn (pic)
Mass., Badly wounded in the hip and leg. (notes)
John L. Murray
John H. Shaw
Mass. Private Shaw was wounded in the leg and recovered at
Letterman Hospital, Gettysburg. See his letters on the
'Gettysburg Hospitals' page of this website.
John F. Weldon
wound in leg. d. Dec. 16, 1863, of pyemia at Portsmouth Grove, Rhode
William B. Weldon
Mass., Gunshot wound in
spine. Mustered out Feb. 4, 1864 on account of wounds.
Edwin Field (pic)
Mass., Gunshot in left lung. d.
July 2, 1863, 2nd Div. Hospital, Gettysburg, Pa.; Age, 20. (notes)
Steven W. Lufkin
Lt. William A. Alley
William H. Parker
Edwin P. Buswell (pic)
Charles A. Clement (pic)
Mass. Wounded in the chest; died of wounds, Sept. 30, 1863,
at Letterman Hospital; Age, 21. (notes)
Sergeant Henry Dove
Samuel P. Hadley
Mass. Samuel's older brother Henry was also in Company E,
Lewis F. Clough
Thomas J. Downey
Samuel H. Griffin
George F. Jones
Charles A. McLauchlan
George A. Springer
Enoch C. Pierce
Charles H. Hovey
Mass., Gunshot wound in right
thigh near knee.
Lt. Charles E. Horne (pic)
Alonzo P. Wise
Thomas F. Trow
Marcus M. Bancroft
John Best (pic)
Mass. 'Wounded in the left arm.' (notes)
William R. Briggs
John F. Cook
William W. Davis (pic)
David L. Jones
William A. Cutler
Nathaniel F. Berry
Prince A. Dunton
Mass., Shot in the right hip and foot and died of wounds
July 1, 1863; buried at Christ Church Hospital. Age, 20.
William H. Gage
NH.; Wounded in the leg, July 1. Died of gangrene at a
Baltimore Hospital Aug. 20; Age 21. (notes)
Minot M. Kittridge
Joseph W. Mann
George W. Smith
Mass., Gunshot wound to left
forearm / Amputated.
Howard A. Staples
Moses P. Palmer
Sgt. George H. Curtis
John F. Klenert
John F. Childs
Mass., wounded at Gettysburg July 1.
Albion L. Jackson
Boston, Mass. Gunshot wound in neck.
Vt. Shot in the right knee
joint. d. Oct. 8, 1863, Letterman Hospital, & buried
next day, Gettysburg, Pa.
Age, 19. (roster says d. Oct. 4.) (notes)
Austin C. Stearns
Mass. Hit on the left shoulder and "cut through the skin enough to
start the blood."
Melvin H. Walker
Mass. Part of Walker's memories are posted on the
'Gettysburg Hospitals' page of this website.
Horatio A. Cutting
Shrewsbury, Mass. Shot
in head. Died of wounds rec'd at Gettysburg, July 22, 1863,
at Fort Schuyler, NY. Age 44. (notes)
Charles M. Fay
Mass. Charlie Fay was with Austin Stearns, at the Christ
Hospital in town. The two wandered around the town together
during their captivity. See Austin Stearns writings on the
2nd & July 3d pages of this site.
Mass., Wounded July 1; a Confederate soldier who captured Flye wounded,
exchanged his own worn out gray pants for Flye's blue pair; d. July 26,
Gettysburg, Pa.; Age, 29. (notes)
Frank A. Gould
Mass., Wounded in hip, July 1.
d. July 14, 1863, and buried in the Presbyterian Graveyard,
Gettysburg, Pa. [family claims he is buried in Southborough,
Mass., Left leg fracture. d. Nov. 8, 1863, Letterman Hospital,
buried next day "at the cemetery"; Gettysburg, Pa.; Age, 21.
Harvey C. Ross
Mass. [roster says badly wounded at G'burg.]
|Private George E. Sprague
Mass., Shot right lung
& forearm. d. July 15, 1863, 1st Corps Hospital, buried in the
Presbyterian Graveyard, Gettysburg, Pa.; Age, 27. (notes)
Albion A. Vining
Selective Notes and Photos
pictured here did not die from wounds, but all of them are included
on the wounded list above. I have chosen to post pictures
13th Mass soldiers not yet included on this site, with the
exception of John Best, whose family portrait from which this close-up
was taken, is posted on another page. Pictured in the first
row, left to
are Private Thomas Jefferson Munn, Company A, Corporal John Best,
Company G, and 1st Lieutenant Charles E. Horne, Company G.
Jefferson Munn, age, 24;
born, New York
watchcase-maker; mustered in as private, Co. A, July 16, 1861;
transferred, May 1, 1864, to Veteran Reserve Corps; wounded at
Gettysburg; residence, Melrose Highlands, Mass.
So reads the
roster of the 13th Mass. 'Jeff' was the pseudonym Munn used
acting as war correspondent for his brother-in-law's newspaper, The Boston Investigator.
A few of his extremely well written letters from this
survive and prove that Jeff was an intelligent and literate fellow. The
first letter is a lengthy account of the regiment's trip to the front
August, 1861. The enthusiastic send off the volunteers
in Massachusetts, coupled with the cheering welcome and collations
prepared for them in New York City and Philadelphia caused 'Jeff' to
reflect, 'Somehow, to be a Bostonian, seems to be a recommendation
reminds one of the old Pagan passport – “I am a Roman citizen!” which,
you know, was thought to be a title
equal to that of a king.' The letter continues at length,
detailing the first difficult marches over the mountains of
Western Maryland in extreme heat, vividly described, so that the
fatigue and physical discomforts of the newly minted soldiers leaps off
the page; the reader is almost gasping for breath and seeking
a shady spot
to rest in empathy with the boys of the 13th.
Marching was the topic of
interest seven months later when T.J. Munn wrote home from Manassas,
“We have marched 94 miles since we
left Winchester - rather a long journey
by foot. We are still looking southward,
and expect to march 20 miles in that direction to-day. I stand the
pretty well, but it is rather hard to get used to it, and some of our
sink under it, and that is the end of their hardships. Last
night one of our men died of pneumonia,
caused by our long marching, getting heated, and then sitting on the
ground." It's lamentable more of his letters are not to be
found. T.J. Munn was wounded in the leg at the Battle of 2nd
Run, August 30, 1862, but quickly recovered and
returned to active duty. The next news I have from the Investigator
is a notice by
the editor that 'Jeff' was badly wounded at the battle of Gettysburg.
His pension file shows he was shot through the leg and
hip. Lieutenant Robert Bruce Henderson assisted Munn
off the battle-field. It took many months convalescing before
'Jeff' recovered from his wounds, first at the Soldier's Hospital in
Philadelphia, and then
another six months at his sister's home in the same city. No
doubt having family close by aided his recovery. In
March, 1864, Private T. J. Munn transferred to the Veteran Reserve
Corps and served out his term as an Orderly at the Soldiers Hospital.
The proud visage depicted in the photograph above, is Veteran
Munn, G.A.R. member of U.
S. Grant Post 4, Melrose. He lived a long life and attended
several of the 13th Regiment Association Re-union dinners in
Boston; in December of 1892, 1896, 1898, 1900, 1906, and at the 50th
Anniversary dinner in June, 1911. Thomas Jefferson Munn went
that Final Muster on April 9, 1914. His passing was announced in
Circular #27. The photograph, newspaper articles, and
biographical notes on his life were provided to me by his proud
descendant, Lisa Munn-Haynes.
age, 25; born, Boston; shoemaker; mustered in as private, Company G,
July 16, 1861; mustered out as corporal, August 1, '64; promoted to
corporal, May 1, 1863; wounded at Manassas, August 30, 1862; at
Gettysburg July 1, 1863, and at the Wilderness, May, '64; residence
As the record states, Corporal Best was wounded
three times in the
service. As a veteran, he was proud of his record
and remained a faithful member of the Thirteenth Regiment
throughout his life. His descendants have carefully preserved
some of John's military record from official documents and war-time
diaries. One notable passage relates John’s visit to
early in the war. In October, 1861, while the '13th Mass' was
picketing the Potomac River in Western Maryland, John obtained a pass
from Colonel Leonard to visit his wounded brother, Able Seaman William
James Best. William had sailed with Naval Commander James
Ward's newly organized Potomac Flotilla, which was organized to protect
the Chesapeake Bay against Confederate naval and land forces.
Commander Ward was the first naval officer killed in the war.
June 27, 1861 he received a fatal bullet wound in the abdomen while
sighting the bow gun of his flagship Thomas
Best's brother William, was wounded in the same campaign.
William Best's left leg was amputated below the left
located his brother recuperating in a hospital near the city and spent
the day with him. After the visit John took the opportunity
spend the night of October 2nd at a nice hotel, where he enjoyed a
'tip-top bed and a hot bath.' The next day he toured
public buildings in D.C., viewing the House of Representatives, the
Senate Chamber and the original Declaration of Independence.
noticed that part of the Patent Office building was partitioned off as
a hospital and contained 300 beds for sick and wounded
After a pleasant leave of 3 days he returned to
brother was out of the war, but John would continue to serve faithfully
in the Army of the Potomac's bloody campaigns for another 3
years. His diary entries reference the regiment’s frequent
skirmishes with the enemy along the Potomac River in the winter of
the hard service began in the
Spring of '62,
John’s diary entries became less frequent and very short. He
present with the regiment at the battles of Cedar Mountain,
Thoroughfare Gap and 2nd Bull
Run. John was captured at the latter engagement and guarded
days by a detachment of the 16th Virginia Cavalry from which he
escaped. He was again re-captured by a detachment of Extra
Smith's Virginians, and started to Richmond. Further details unknown.
Best was wounded in the left arm and found himself once more a prisoner
behind enemy lines. When the Yankees took possession
4th, John was once again among friends. He recovered from his
wounds at a field hospital at Gettysburg, and later
the regiment at
some point in time before the start of Grant's Overland Campaign in the
Spring of 1864. Best was promoted Corporal on May 1st 1864
the army's advance into the Wilderness. John was wounded a
third time on May 6,
1864. The wound was in the right thigh, and the 3rd
of his left hand was amputated. He was
again captured at this time, but he was supposedly present with the
the Siege of Petersburg, for he returned home with the unit and was
mustered out at Boston on August 1, 1864. John
with him an
interesting relic, a wooden canteen carved with his name and that of a
private in the 19th Georgia Regiment, inscribed "We drunk from the same
John Best and family settled in the
Stoneham, Mass. where he at times presided as Commander of
P. Gould Post 75, G.A.R. of that town. He was also a delegate
the National GAR Encampments at San Fransisco, CA, Columbus, OH,
Milwaukee, Wis., and Detroit, Michigan. John Best attended
the Thirteenth Regiment Association Re-union dinners in Boston in the
post-war years. In the 29 years between 1892 and 1921 he was
absent only 4 or 5 times. Best was also a
the funeral of his friend and Company G comrade, Huntington
Porter's biography on this page. John Best died September 5,
E. Horne, age, 21;
born, Farmington, N.H.
shoemaker; mustered in as 4th sergt., Co. G. July 16, '61 mustered out
as 1st lieut., Sept. 18, '64; promoted, 1st sergt., Jan., '63, to 2d
lieut., July 1, '63, and 1st lieut., March, '64: wounded at Gettysburg,
July 1, '63, and at Spotsylvania C.H., May 8, '64; at latter place lost
right arm; was also taken prisoner and confined in Libby until Sept. 8,
'64; residence, Stoneham, Mass.
Several of Charles Horne's war-time letters exist
and I have transcriptions of a few, written in 1864, which will
subsequently be posted on this site. Though Charles was
at Gettysburg it was not as serious as the wound he would receive on
May 8, 1864. His biography is found in the book, 'History
Stoneham, Massachusetts,' by William Burnham
Stevens, published in
Here are some excerpts.
Charles Edwin Horne, is a native of Farmington,
N.H., where he was born September 25, 1838, and is the son of Peter M.
and Mary E. (Pendexter) Horne. He attended the common schools
at Farmington and the academy at
Wolfboro, N.H., and assisted his father about the farm during the same
time. In the spring of 1858 he came to Stoneham and went to
work in the shoe
shop of W. F. Knowles to learn the trade. He was employed by
Mr. Knowles and others until the war broke out, when he enlisted in Co.
G, Thirteenth Regiment Mass. Vol. Infantry, from Stoneham. He
was mustered into the service as a sergeant July 16, 1861, and served
three years in the various capacities from sergeant to first
lieutenant. He was wounded slightly at the battle of
Gettysburg, and lost his right arm from a wound received at the battle
of Spottsylvania Court House, May 8, 1864, where he was also taken
prisoner and confined in Libby Prison, at Richmond, for about five
months. He was then paroled, came home and was discharged in
September, 1864, his regiment having been mustered out while he was in
In 1866 he was appointed to a position in the
Massachusetts House of Representatives, and was employed there about
ten years. He was appointed Postmaster of Stoneham by
President Grant and held the
office for nearly sixteen years, until he was removed by President
Cleveland. In 1887-88 he was Collector of Taxes of Stoneham,
and for the past five
years [1887-1891] has been on the Board of Assessors, of which he is
now chairman. Mr. Horne was married in Bethel, Maine, October
20, 1875, to Miss Addie
C. Stevens, a native of Bethel, but a resident of Stoneham at that
time. They have had one daughter, who died in January, 1890.
Charles Horne and John Best were most likely
friends and both of them attended the funeral of their popular Company
Huntington Porter; see Porter's photo and obituary on this page below.
Charles Follen Adams;
age, 20; born, Dorchester, Mass.; clerk; mustered in as priv., Co. A,
Aug. 7, '62; mustered out, Aug. 7, '64; wounded at Gettysburg, July 1,
'63, and transferred to V. R. C.; residence, Boston, Mass. (Charles F.
Adams 1842-1918 was a very famous poet under the name YAWCOB STRAUSS.)
Adams' witty letters are sprinkled throughout this
website. He gained fame as an author after the war, as his record
in the roster of the 13th MA declares. He was profiled in a 1913
feature article of the Boston Sunday Globe, which conatained stories of
several New England soldiers' experiences at The Battle of Gettysburg.
Boston Sunday Globe, July 29,
HIS WOUND A SURGEON’S MARVEL
Charles Follen Adams
saved His Leg Through a Bullet’s Remarkable Course.
Charles Follen Adams of 59 Waverly st., Roxbury, who has
thousands of readers with his “Yawcob Strauss” dialect and other verse,
was favored by circumstance in the battle of Gettysburg.
By some fortunate accident which no surgeon could
explain a ball passed
through his left leg fracturing a bone and tore off the flesh from his
right leg. Surgeons told him that not once in the war had they
seen a bullet take a similar course without necessitating an amputation
of the limb of the wounded man.
Mr. Adams was a private in Co. A, 13th Mass Infantry,
the color company
of the Regiment. For a year he had been with the regiment through
the campaigns, which had decimated its ranks.
“As I remember the incidents of the first day at
Gettysburg, we were
ordered up to relieve Buford’s cavalry, a gallant Division of the 1st
Army Corps that had opened the fight,” said Mr. Adams. “We were moving
forward rapidly on the edge of the Chambersburg pike with the 12th
Massachusetts,* the 11th Pennsylvania and the 16th Maine.
“We were too few in numbers to drive back the Rebel Army
which was coming upon us, and we were merely there to hold the
position, and were
only a bluff.
“In spite of the overwhelming numbers against us, our
pressing forward, pausing to fire and then advancing. I suppose I
had fired only 10 or 12 shots when I was hit.
“I was standing with my musket at my shoulder, aiming at
with my left foot a little in advance of my right, the position a
soldier takes when about to fire. Before I could discharge my gun
a minie ball which came from the left struck me on the side of my left
leg, just at the knee. The ball passed through the leg just back
of the knee cap, and then tore through the flesh of my right leg.
“I fell to the ground from the shock and I could not get
“While I was lying on the ground my regiment swept forward and left me
there, as the boys were too busy then to take care of the wounded.
“I did not see much that went on after I was hit until
the regiment came
back in the retreat toward the town. Our brigade had taken more
prisoners in the charge than we had men to handle them, in fact, our
prisoners outnumbered us.
“As the boys came back with the prisoners one of the
boys helped me off
the field. I could not use my leg and the sergeant in charge of a
number of the prisoners ordered the Rebels to help the wounded Union
men off the field.
“I placed one arm over the shoulder of a North Carolina
man and the
other arm over the shoulder of one of our boys. In that way
I made my way back to Gettysburg.
“I was taken to the Old College Church in Gettysburg,
which was being
used as a temporary hospital for both the Union and the Confederate
wounded. The surgeons of both armies were using the vestry of the
church for an operating room and I was taken there.
“Fortunately there were so many imperative cases that
the surgeon said
I could wait. While awaiting my turn I kept constantly bathing my
left knee, and several hours afterward when the surgeon came to examine
me he was astounded when he discovered that no bones were broken.
“He said he could not understand how the ball happened
to miss the
bones, and he called the other surgeons and some of the medical
students to see my remarkable wound. Well, the swelling went down and
left leg was saved.
*The 12th Mass. Vols. were in General Baxter's
The 13th, in Gen. Paul's Brigade.
from the 13th are pictured here; William Wallace
Davis, of Company G, and Edwin
Buswell, of Company C.
W. Davis; age, 20;
born. Reading, Mass.;
clerk; mustered in as priv.,
Co. G, Aug. 12, "62; mustered out, Aug. 22, '63; wounded at Gettysburg,
July 1, '63, .and taken prisoner; appointed 1st lieut. 59th Mass.;
wounded at Petersburg, '64; lost an arm; residence. Reading, Mass.
The following synopsis of Lieutenant Davis's life
is from "Biographical
sketches of the class of 1863; Dartmouth
College," by John Scales, 1903. p.
William Wallace Davis joined the '13th Mass' as
of the recruits of
’62. He left Dartmouth College (class of 1863) a year early
to enlist. He followed the regiment through the battles of
South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and
Gettysburg. His Dartmouth College biography, states he was
badly wounded at Gettysburg, but does not give details. He
was captured by the enemy but re-captured on July 4th when the
Confederates pulled out of the town. Davis returned to his
Reading, Massachusetts for a couple of months to recuperate from his
“In the Fall of
1863, as soon as he was able, he
re-enlisted in the 59th Massachusetts Regiment and was appointed First
On July 30, 1864, in the same
charge upon the Crater at Petersburg, that mortally wounded Colonel
Jacob Parker Gould of the 59th, Lieutenant Davis was badly
wounded. His left forearm was amputated. His military service
ended and he returned home. In the succeeding years he held
jobs. In 1865, he was elected Representative from Reading in
Massachusetts legislature, then clerked for a time at the
“Later he was
engaged as salesman in a
retail boot and shoe store in Boston, which position he held for seven
years. Returning to Reading, he engaged in the business of
land surveyor and civil engineer, which he continued, with good success
up to 1890.”
Since that time he turned his efforts to farming
and various local civic duties. Lieutenant Davis married in
1865 and had two sons and two grandsons by the year 1903.
Davis attended nearly all the Thirteenth Regiment Association
annual re-union dinners, right up to his death in August, 1913.
He is also mentioned attending the funeral of his Company G
comrade Huntington Porter; see Porter's biography below, on this
P. Buswell; age, 24;
born. Concord, N.H.; printer; mustered in as priv., Co. C, Aug. 7,
''62; mustered out, Oct. 7, '63; wounded, July 1, '63.
A single Cd'v identified as Edwin P.
Buswell has been offered
for sale on the Internet, with a copy of the same image on file at the
Army Heritage Education Center in Carlisle, PA. Mr. Art
discovered the following information regarding Edwin P. Buswell.
He is found on the 1850 census living with his parents, Edwin W.
1813-1897, and Harriet C. Sanders, 1817-1877, and a brother Frank, 1849
- 1909, and sister Emma1847-1911. That is the only census
he is found. His parents and siblings are also found in the 1865 and
1880 census. His mother died in Boston and his father and siblings died
in Brooklyn, N.Y. The only additional information found
is that Edwin P. Buswell applied for a military pension in January,
1864. The fact that he is not heard from again suggests he may
have died shortly thereafter.
John F. Klenert; age, 31;
born, Wolfartsweier, Germany; shoemaker; mustered in as private, Co. I,
July 16, 1861; mustered out as sergeant, July 16, 1864, New York;
promoted to corporal, Nov. 1, '62; sergt., June 24, '63; wounded at
Gettysburg, July 1, 1863; residence (1894) Nashua, N.H.
His obituary from 13th Regiment Association Circular
#30, September, 1917 says:
John F. Kenert, a veteran of the German War of Rebellion
in 1848 and the United States Civil War, died, aged 90, at his home, 4
Billingham Street, West Somerville, Feb. 4, 1917. He was born
July 23, 1826, in Wolfarsswier, Germany.
He came here in 1852 and worked as a shoemaker. He
served in Co. I 13th Massachusetts Volunteers, and was wounded and left
for dead at Gettysburg. After ten months in the Fort Schuyler
Hospital in New York harbor he was made an orderly sergeant in the
117th Company Veterans' Reserve Corps of New York City. He was a
member of the John A. Rawlins Post 43, G.A.R.
Upon his 90th birthday Mr. Klenert said: "I am
opposed to any species of barbarity and I consider submarine warfare on
merchant ships barbarous. The common people of Germany did not
want this war and they don't know what they are fighting for
anyway. The military element is alone responsible for the
Thomas J. Downey; age,
22; born, Roxbury, Mass.; carpenter; mustered in as priv., Co. E, July
24, '61; transferred, March 30, '64, to V.R.C.; residence, Roxbury,
A newspaper article in the Boston Sunday Globe, July 29,
1913 profiled several Massachusetts men regarding their experiences at
the Battle of
Gettysburg. Downey was one of these. His story, reproduced
here, seems to be a little embellished.
Boston Sunday Globe, July 29, 1913.
colorful account Private Thomas J. Downey, Company E, recalls some of
his experiences at the battle. However, I very much doubt he met
General Longstreet at the Church Hospital.
FOUND A FRIEND AMONG
Thomas J. Downey, a
Wounded Prisoner, but an Old Roxbury
Boy, Among Louisiana Tigers.
Thomas J. Downey, now living with his daughter at 1
Ingleside st. Roxbury, at Gettysburg had a varied experience. He
was wounded, taken prisoner when the Confederates captured the
temporary hospital and was accosted by a Confederate soldier whom he
had known in boyhood in Roxbury.
Mr. Downey enlisted in Co. E, 13th Massachusetts
Infantry, and took part in the hard campaign prior to Gettysburg, which
had reduced the regiment to 360 men. Mr. Downey was only 18 years
old at the time of the battle of Gettysburg.
“Our regiment was in the 1st Corps and in the same
brigade with the 12th Massachusetts,” said Mr. Downey.* “The 1st
Corps opened the fight on July 1. Soon after the infantry went on
the firing line I was with my regiment on open ground. There were
no trees or walls for protection and we were firing at the
Confederates, who were advancing along the road that led to the
“While I was standing up loading my rifle a piece of
shell struck my knapsack, tore off my blanket and knocked me about 10
feet. I got up and kept on firing until a bullet caught me in the
right knee. The wound disabled me, but I did not leave the line
immediately. I stayed with the boys until we were ordered to
“The fire of the Confederates got too hot for us, as
they greatly outnumbered us at that point. When we retreated I
believe only 60 of the 360 men of the 13th came out.
“When we began to retreat I went to the hospital, which
was in a Lutheran Church in Gettysburg. The hospital was crowded and I
shared a pew with a man who was more seriously wounded than I; he had
the seat and the cushions and I the floor.
“When the rebels outflanked us and got into Gettysburg
they took the hospital in which I was and made us all prisoners.
That night a big man with a full beard came into the hospital and asked
if any Massachusetts men were present. I spoke up and he
came over to me. He asked me where I lived, and I said in
Roxbury, near Boston. Then he asked whereabouts in Roxbury, and I
said I used to live on Tremont st.
“He looked at me a moment and then he said: “Say,
aren’t you Tommy Downey?”
“Yes, that’s my name,” I said. He asked me if I
did not remember him, and after I had looked at him closely I
“Yes, you’re Mike Follen, and you used to live near me on Tremont
st.” I had it right and he told me he belonged to the Louisiana
Tigers and had been fighting under Stonewall Jackson. He had
enlisted in New Orleans.
“I saw Pickett’s charge from the belfry of the Lutheran
Church. I heard the sharp firing and went up a flight of narrow,
wooden stairs into the bell tower. The cannonading was terrific
and just as I got to the tower Pickett’s charge began. It took
place right beneath my eyes, and I saw those brave fellows come on and
drop in their tracks under the volleys from our men.
“The bullets were coming so thick about the tower that I
started down the stairs, when a young rebel officer called out, “Here
you ––––– –––––– of a Yank. Come down here!’ I
obeyed and when I reached the lowest step he drew his sabre and pistol
and pressed the muzzle of the pistol against my ear.
“Just then Gen. Longstreet appeared and the young
officer looked at the general. He didn’t say a word, but I could
see by the expression on his face that he was asking the general
whether he should shoot me. The general looked at me intently and
then slowly shook his head.
"I never saw Mike Follen after the night he left to join
his regiment. He afterward became sheriff of the county in which
New Orleans is located, and he was the sheriff that saw to it that John
L. Sullivan had a square deal when he fought Paddy Ryan. Mike was
bound to stand by a Boston boy.”
*The 12th Mass. Vols. were in Baxter's Brigade.
After Baxter's Brigade defeated Iverson, the 12th MA, though their
ammunition was exhausted, was ordered to hold the point of the line.
This statement comes from Col. B. F. Cook of the 12th MA in this same
newspaper article. That is when the 13th MA & 104th NY
advanced. The troops eventually got all mixed up together near
Mumasburg road. ––B.F.
to Table of Contents
July 1st 1863.
are Private George
F. Ford and Sergeant
Rollin T. Horton, both of Company A. These images are
courtesy of Mr. Tim Sewell.
Fred Ford; age, 19;
born, Boston; clerk;
mustered in as priv., Co. A, Aug. 16, '62; mustered out, Aug. 1, '64;
was detailed as clerk at headquarters; residence, Carson City, Nevada.
Mr. Herbert Rickards maintains a Find A Grave
Private George F. Ford on the website 'Find A Grave.' The
memorial includes a war-time photograph of Private Ford in uniform,
backmark from Kingman & Bradford, Greenfield, Massachusetts.
photo of Private Ford was found in
a family album sold to a local antique dealer in
and is now part of Mr. Rickard's personal collection. All
other information was
obtained from the National and State Archives.
the War in the 1870's, George Ford moved to Nevada
and became a merchant there. He ran a small General store in
health failed him around 1895 and then he was looked after by his
family until his death on March 30th 1898 at age 55; (Cause of death
Attack). The US Government Pension Dept. was paying him a pension of
month at the time of his death.
was a member of the Gen. Custer Post No. 5 Grand Army Of The
was laid to rest in the Family Plot near the G.A.R. Section of the Lone
His stone used to have an angel holding a lamp on top of it but it was
by vandals some years before.
T. Horton; age, 17;
born. Clarendon, Vt.;
baker; mustered in as priv., Co. A, July 16, '61; mustered out as
sergt., Aug. 1, '64. He was promoted to Full Sergeant on May
Sergeant R. T. Horton's name is found among the
attendees at the Regimental Association's Re-union dinners in 1890, and
1892. He also attended the 1890 G.A.R. encampment in Boston
and his name is registered with other members of the regiment who
dropped in to meet with old comrades at the room reserved for this
purpose at Young's Hotel. Thirteenth Regiment
Association Circular #26 lists
Sergeant Horton as one of the '13th Mass' veterans who went to the 50th
Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg. Rollin married May
McMann on November 18, 1866 in Boston, Massachusetts. Together they had
six known children: Clinton J., Percy R., Ethel M., Frederick H., Susan
M., and Hopkins.
After the war he was a member of G.A.R. Post # 191
MA. In his final years he resided at the National Home for Disabled
Volunteer Soldiers in Chelsea, Maine. He died Nov. 29, 1914,
and is buried in Togus National Cemetery, Togus, Maine. Mr.
maintains a Find A Grave Memorial to Horton, from which much of this
information comes. For more information see Find a Grave
Sergeant David Whiston
Mass., Held at Macon, Georgia & Columbia SC; Exchanged March 1,
1865. Lieutenant Whiston was probably
assigned to another company on July 1.
George Henry Hill says it is Company K in his letter home
1863. See 'Fate of the Prisoners' page of this website.
Rollin T. Horton (pic)
Edward F. Allen
John A. Bowdoin [Boudwin]
Mass., Sergeant Boudwin, was sent to Belle
& recorded his travails, in his journal. Several
others of the 13th Mass are mentioned. He left Belle Isle
Prison Sept. 21 and arrived at Annapolis, Md. Sept. 24, 1863.
'Fate of the Prisoners' page of this website.
Edward A. Boyd
Mass., Went to Belle Isle. Edward Boyd was John Boudwin's
friend and went to Belle Isle Prison with Boudwin. They were
parolded the same time; leaving Belle Isle Sept. 21 and arrived at
Annapolis, Md. Sept. 24, 1863.
John C. Clark
September 3, 1863. John C. Clark was marched to Belle Isle
and is mentioned in John Boudwin's diary. He left Belle Isle
Sept. 21 and reached Annapolis, Md. Sept. 24, 1863. See 'Fate
of the Prisoners'
page of this website.
George F. Ford (pic)
Mass., Exchanged. (notes)
Edmund P. Hayes
Augustine B. Haynes??
RECORD IN ROSTER?????
Henry H. Jones
Mass., Released May 1, 1864.
J. F. Pope
Mass., Released March 15, 1864.
Nathanial M. Putnam
Boston, Mass., Exchanged.
Cyrus E. Reed
Mass. Edgar Reed is mentioned in Warren Freeman's letters
home. He was probably sent to Parole Camp in West Chester.
See 'Fate of the Prisoners' page of this website.
Lt. Morton Tower
Mass., Escaped Libby Prison, Richmond, Va. on Feb. 9, 1864.
Samuel E. Cary
Mass., Held at Macon, Georgia; Paroled March 5, 1865. Lieutenant
Cary was probably commanded Company F, July 1. He is profiled
on my 'Fate of the Prisoners' page on this website. He is
mentioned in George Henry Hill's letter of August 4, 1863. [Fate of the
Prisoners page of this website].
John MacMahon (pic)
Robert M. Armstrong
John B. Curtis
Mass. Presumed to have gone to Belle Isle with George H. Hill
- mentioned in Hill's letter as 'John.' See 'Fate of the
Prisoners' page on this website.
George H. Hill
Mass. Went to Belle Isle, Exchanged Aug. 3, 1863 after 10
days confinement at Belle Isle Prison. See 'Fate of the
page of this website.
Elias O. Hodge (pic)
Mass., Exchanged May 1, 1864.
Albert E. Morse
Mass. Marched to Belle Isle, mentioned in John Boudwin's diary.
See 'Fate of the Prisoners' page on this website.
William F. Blanchard
Thomas J. Buffum
Charles H. Collins (pic)
Mass., Exchanged. (notes)
William W. Davis
Charles D. Kimball
Albert Lynde (pic)
Henry W. Metcalf
Mass. Marched to Belle Isle, mentioned in George H. Hill's letter.
See 'Fate of the Prisoners' page of this website.
Joseph M. Morrill (pic)
Charles R. Packard
Boston, Mass. Exchanged.
William W. Sprague
Mass. Held at Belle Isle, Va. Paroled March 15,
George B. Stone
James A. Young (pic)
Boston, Mass., Paroled
James W. Kennay
Mass., Returned August 15, 1863.
Algernon S. Auld (pic)
Mass., Paroled. (notes)
Michael B. Doherty
November 18, 1863.
Boston, Mass., Returned September 1, 1863.
William G. Johnson
Mass., Returned October 12, 1863.
Henry H. Richards
Charles H. Hovey
Joseph O. Miles
Mass. Returned September 23, 1863.
Alfred M. Burton
Mass., Paroled. Bourne Spooner mentions Burton in
his memoirs. He was sent to Parole Camp in West Chester, and
left camp for Boston after a day or two. Burton loaned
Spooner some money when they re-united on a train headed to Boston.
Frank B. Hastings
Frederick D. Locke
May 5, 1864. Fred D. Locke is mentioned in John Boudwin's
at Belle Isle Prison in September, 1863. But Locke was
less fortunate than his comrades and was not paroled when they were.
He languished in Confederate Prisons until 1864. It
wonder he survived. See 'Fate of the Prisoners'
page of this website.
Charles C. Magraw
Mass., Paroled. Charles Christopher Magraw is mentioned in
Boudwin's diary. He was with Boudwin at Belle Isle and was
probably paroled at the same time, but very little subsequent
information about him was found. See 'Fate of the Prisoners'
page of this website.
Abel B. Hastings
Mass., Returned August 17, 1863.
Elphonzo W. Prouty
Mass., Returned August 17, 1863.
Mass., Died of Disease, January 22, 1865 at Andersonville
Zoheth B. Woodbury (pic)
Charles E. Gerrold
George W. Hall
William W. Pedrick
Myrick A. Wentworth
George T. Brigham
Dennis J. Donovan
Mass., Returned December 10, 1863.
Albion L. Jackson
John P. Peebles
George T. Raymond
Warren I. Stetson (pic)
Mass., Paroled. (notes)
Francis H. Stowe
Mass., Paroled. [An interesting note about Stowe, is that his
name is listed incorrectly in the 13th MVI roster as 'Francis
Stone.' The Mass Adjt. Gen'l lists him as 'Frank B. Stow.'
Thomas B. Winters
Alfred L. Sanborn
Austin C. Stearns
Mass., Returned July 5, 1863, Gettysburg, Pa.
John F. Bates
George H. Seaver
Henry C. Vining
More Photos and Notes
left to right, are
Privates Albert Lynde, James Young, and Sergeant John
MacMahon, all of Company B. I am indebted to Mr. Scott Hann
generously donated to me 80 black & white glossy photos of
men, from his collection. Biographical research on these men
dilligently performed at my request, by Mr. Art Rideout, [g.g. grandson
of William H. H. Rideout, Company B]. Without his efforts
the biographies on this page would be non-existant.
Lynde; age, 20; born.
Mass.; marketman; mustered in as priv., Co. B, July 16, '61; mustered
out, Aug. 1, '64; wounded, June 20, '64.
Described as a Market Man upon enlistment, or
someone who buys and sells goods at a market, Albert Lynde may have
on a post-war career as a seaman. Some genealogical
is found for the Lynde family. He was born 20 miles west of
Worcester, on December 11, 1841 in West Brookfield, Mass, the son of
Lieutenant Nathaniel Lynde and Eunice P. Bissell Lynde. His
father was a veteran of the War of 1812. Albert had 3 syblings, all of
them quite older. His brother, Ebenezer Bissell Lynde, b.
was a Massachusetts State Senator, 1877-1879. His marrried,
sister Ellen, died in 1861 at age 27; and he had another
Eunice who was born in 1831. In 1850, the family was still
living in West Brookfield, MA, but not much else is found in the vital
statistics for Albert Lynde, outside of his service record above,
except that he was captured July 1st at Gettysburg. The
'Ancestry' website gives his death as, 'at sea, 1900, Salawesi Tengah,
Indonesia, hence the assumption he was a sailor. He would
been about 59 years of age at the time given for his death.
A. Young; age, 18; born,
mustered in as priv., Co. B, July 16, '61; mustered out, Aug. 1, '64;
wounded at Fredericksburg, Dec. 13, '62; residence, Newport street,
James A. Young attended many of the Thirteenth
Regiment Association annual re-union dinners in
Boston, but his attendance was sporadic and spread out over many years.
He is listed as being present in 1891, 1897, 1898, 1901,
1908, 1910, 1913, and 1918. He also attended with others of
regiment, the 50th Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg.
MacMahon; age, 21; born,
clerk; mustered in as priv., Co. B,' July 25, '61; mustered out as
sergt., Aug. 1, '64; wounded, Aug. 30, '62; appointed acting
asst.-paymaster U.S. Navy, Nov. 11, '64; asst.-paymaster, July 23, '66;
past asst.-paymaster, Dec. 10, '67, and paymaster in '77; died, Sept.,
No other biographical information was found on
more Company B,
boys, pictured below, left to
right, are Privates Charles H. Collins, Joseph M. Morrill,
and Corporal Elias O. Hodge.
H. Collins; age, 18;
Mass.; provision dealer; mustered in as priv., Co. B, July 16, '61;
mustered out, Aug. 1, '64; deceased.
Charles Collins health after the war must not have
been too good. A resident of Southboro before the war, and
probably immediately afterwards, he was admitted into one of the
earliest homes for disabled veterans in Togus, Maine. The
home opened with its first resident in November 1866. Full
occupancy was less than 400 persons until a building expansion began in
1868, in order to accomodate 3,000 veterans. Charles was
admitted in 1869 at age 27. It was probably not too much of a
place to live. The home was operated like a military
A 100 bed hospital facility was added in 1870, although, "the
medical care was limited even for the standards of the day."
Charles died 10 years later, September 1879, of Bright's
disease, [an inflammation of the kidneys] at age 37.
Information on the Togus, Maine Veterans Hospital was found
on a website for the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.
Note: Rollin T. Horton of
Company A was also a resident of the Soldiers Home in Chelsea, and is
buried in the National Cemetery at Togus, Maine. Obituaries
in the Regiment Association Circulars show that several of the 13th
Mass Veterans eventually resided here during their last days.
M. Morrill; age, 20;
born, Peacham, Vt.;
marketman; mustered in as priv., Co. B, July 16, '61; mustered out,
Aug. 1, '64.
Morrill attended the 1890 G.A.R. encampment in Boston, and rendezvoused
at Young's Hotel with fellow members of the '13th Mass' during that
event. Next mention of him in the circulars is a re-union
which he attended in Boston, August, 1904. His passing, (date
unknown) is listed in the 1918 Regiment Association Circular #31.
No other biographical information on Morrill was found; the
being common in Vermont at the time of his birth.
O. Hodge; age, 23; born,
leather-cutter; mustered in as priv., Co. B, July 16, '61 mustered out
as corp., Aug. 1, '64; promoted to corp., April 5, '63; taken prisoner,
July 1, '63; exchanged, May 1, '64; rejoined regiment, June 6, '64;
residence, Detroit, Michigan.
Corporal Hodge was the son of Roswell and
Elizabeth Redding Hodge. He was born on October 1, 1838 in
Marlow, New Hampshire. The family lived in Groton, Mass. in
1850. In 1860 Elias was working at a shoe factory in
Pepperell, Mass. He must have had some means and a good
character with an interest in the militia, as he was a member of
Company B, of the 4th Battalion of Rifles, Boston. After his
service in the war he married Nancy M. Locke of Hopkinton, on December
23, 1865. She was 22 years old, and he was 27. They
were still living in Hopkinton in 1870, his occupation is listed as
boot maker. By 1880 the couple had moved to Detroit, his
occupation still listed as boot maker. Whether Elias attended
any of the early re-unions with his comrades from the 13th Mass is
unknown. The Regiment Association Circulars do not begin
until 1888. Charles was a grocer by the year 1900 still
living in Detroit, Ward 6. His wife Nancy passed away on May
16, 1910 at age 66. Elias was listed in the census of that
year as a Grocery Proprietor, living in Detroit, Ward 10. He
passed away September 29, 1917.
Sergeant Warren Israel Stetson, Company I, Private Algernon Auld,
Company C, and Corporal Zoheth
B. Woodbury of Company F. Stetson and Woodbury were both
Berlin, Massachusetts. A town history contained their
I. Stetson; age, 17;
born, Marlboro', Mass.;
farmer; mustered in as priv., Co. I, July 16, '61; mustered out as
sergt., Aug. 1, '64; deceased.
biographical information on Sergeant Warren Israel Stetson is found in
history of Berlin, Massachusetts,* where this image comes from.
was the son of William Stetson of Marlboro, Mass, and enlisted at a
young age in Company I of the '13th Mass.' He was wounded in
the forehead by a piece of shell at
Spotsylvania in 1864. In 1868, he moved to Berlin, Mass.
was forman at Parker's Shoe Shop in that town. He is listed
Machinist by trade. He married Clara T. Richmond, of Nashua,
but no date is given. They had 5 children, Grace W. Stetson,
August 17, 1869; Frederick R. H. Stetson, b. Jan. 20, 1871; Florence E.
Stetson, b. May 21, 1878; Blanche M. Stetson, b. June 26,
1879, and a
son Roy who lived less than two years, b. June 16, 1884, d. Feb.
10, 1886. Sergeant Warren I. Stetson's death was announced
Thirteenth Regiment Association Circular #1. He died March
1887. His family removed to Worcester from Berlin, in 1892.
of the Town of Berlin, Worcester County, Mass. from 1764 to 1895,
William A. Houghton. F.S. Blanchard & Co.
S. Auld; age, 21;
born, Boothbay, Me.;
clerk; mustered in as priv., Co. C, Aug. 7, '62; mustered out, Aug. l,
'64; residence, 236 Princeton street. East Boston.
Algernon Sidney Auld was born August 3, 1841 at
Boothbay Maine, to parents Jacob Auld and Eunice Beath Auld.
The family is found living in Boothbay, Lincoln, Maine in the
1850 census. Algernon's future wife, Arletta M. Wentworth,
was born that year. By 1861, young Auld was living in Boston,
with his occupation listed as clerk. He joined the '13th
Mass' in the summer of 1862, as one of the new recruits. He
returned with the regiment to Boston in July, 1864, when the regiments
3 year term of Federal service expired. According to letters
of Warren Freeman, another recruit of '62, the government tried to hold
these recruits over for another years service, since they had only been
with the unit 2 years at the time of expiration. Apparently
Private Auld ignored this, as Freeman also writes that the recruits of
'62 were promised upon enlistment that they would be able to return
home with the regiment. It is well Auld returned to
Massachusetts at this time. Several of the recruits were
forced to remain in the service and transferred to the 39th Mass.
When Sergeant Freeman finally wrangled his discharge in
September, 1864, the officer who mustered him out of the service said
"They had no right to hold you." Between 1865 and 1870,
census reports show bachelor Algernon Auld still working as a clerk in
Boston. He married Arletta Wentworth on October 30, 1873 in
Boston. His occupation changed over the years from
'book keeper' in 1880, to dry goods dealer, in 1900, and marine
engineer in 1910. Although
Algernon Auld lived in East Boston, he never attended the re-union
dinners of the 13th Regiment Association. He was however a
of Post #23 G.A.R. His death on May 12, 1910 at Chelsea,
was recorded in Circular #23.
B. Woodbury; age, 19;
Mass.; shoemaker; mustered in as corp., Co. F, July 16, '61; mustered
out as sergt., Aug. 1, '64.
I know what you're thinking, what if this picture
is the wrong
Zoheth B.Wodbury? Chances are it is not. Like
above, a little bit of biographical information on Sergt. Woodbury is
found in the town history of Berlin, Massachusetts.* Zoheth
the son of Israel Woodbury of Bolton, Massachusetts. As
the roster, he enlisted in Company
F, at age 19. During his service he participated in the
engagements at Thoroughfare Gap, Second Bull Run, South Mountain,
Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, (where he was
taken prisoner), Wilderness, and, Spotsylvania. His service
him partially deaf from exposure to a cannon explosion. After the war
he took up his residence in the town of Berlin, Massachusetts.
He married Sarah Ann Hale on November 19, 1865. They had a
Zoheth H. Woodbury born January 2, 1875. Zoheth made his
as a shoemaker. He was a charter member
of Post 54, G.A.R. in Berlin, Massachusetts, founded in June,
1868. He did not attend
any of the Thirteenth Regiment Association re-union dinners in Boston,
probably because of his deafness, but probably
chose to socialize with other veterans of the regiment at his
hometown G.A.R. post in Berlin. His death on September 30,
was announced in
Association Circular #30.
of the Town of Berlin, Worcester County, Mass. from 1764 to 1895,
William A. Houghton. F.S. Blanchard & Co.
to Top of Page
July 1st 1863.
men listed as missing were not at roll call at dusk of July 1st on East
Cemetery Ridge. All missing men eventually returned to the
Charles A. Drew
Mass. Sergt. Drew's July 6 letter is posted on the 'Ancillary
Stories' page of this website. I'm not sure why he was
missing. He was not captured.
Warren H. Freeman
Mass. [captured, paroled.] See 'Fate of the Prisoners' page
of this website.
Walter S. Fowler
Brainard P. Blanchard
Sergeant James L. McCoy
Edward W. Shutte
Mass., Returned Aug. 16, 1863. Listed in roster as 'Schuttee.'
Samuel D. Thurston
Francis B. Ripley
Mass. The roster says Ripley mustered out, August 28, 1863.
Mass. [captured, paroled.] See 'Fate of the Prisoners' page of this
Freeman J. Cook
Mass. The roster says Freeman Cook died February 28, 1868.
Joseph S. Donnell
Michael F. Kelly
Mass. Roster says Kelly transferred to Veteran Reserve Corps,
December 13, 1863.
Samuel A. Langley
|Private George H. Lehman
Roxbury, Mass. (notes)
Andrew J. Lloyd
William H. Lord
Joseph W. MacRae
Bartlett C. Waldren
Mass., Returned Aug. 17, 1863.
William F. Brigham
William A. Newhall
Mass. Newhall was captured and went to the parole camp in
Chester, PA. His July 8 letter is posted on the 'Fate of the
Prisoners' page of this website.
Charles S. Smith
Mass. The roster says Charles S. Smith was captured by enemy
died a prisoner, Dec. 24, 1864, but it does not say from which battle
he was captured.
George T. Smith
George L. Swift
Calvin H. Conant
William H. Trow
Mass., Returned Aug. 17, 1863.
Daniel A. Lovering
Mass., Returned Aug. 17, 1863.
Charles F. Rice
George H. Lehman; age, 19;
born, Roxbury, Mass; painter; mustered
in as priv., Co. E, July 16, '61; transferred to V.R.C.; wounded, July
1, 63, residence, Lynn, Mass.
George Lehman was included on Lt.-Col. Batchelders list
of casualties, listed as missing. An interview with Lehman
appeared in the Boston Sunday Globe, the same feature referenced above,
with Charles Adams and Thomas Downey, in 1913.
Boston Sunday Globe, July 29, 1913
WOUNDED, BUT ESCAPED CAPTURE
George H. Lehman in
Hottest of the First Day’s Fighting,
Walked to Emmetsburg When Wounded.
George H. Lehman of 145 West Canton st. now employed as
at the Charlestown Navy Yard, was a sturdy young man of 21 years, 50
years ago. Although he had seen hard service as a private in Co.
E, 13th Massachusetts Infantry, Mr. Lehman weighed 180 pounds when he
went into the battle of Gettysburg. Mr. Lehman had the advantage
of knowledge of how to take care of himself, and, as he says, he never
failed to get enough to eat.
“On the night of June 30 we were at Emmetsburg, camped
at Marsh Creek,
14 miles from Gettysburg,” said Mr. Lehman. “About 8 a. m. on
we got orders to start for Gettysburg at double quick. We covered
the 14 miles at a dog-trot and it was the roughest road I ever
traveled, up and down hill, with dust up to our ankles.
“My recollection is that we reached the line of battle
about noon. The 12th Massachusetts had been ahead of us and they
had been through some hard fighting before we arrived. They
had lost many of their men and when we lined up in the position they
had been holding the able-bodied men of the 12th staid with us.
“It was hot work from the first minute. The rebels
were coming up
the road in column of fours just as fast as they could come.
There seemed to be a swarm of rebels stretching out farther than we
“The boys all knew that there were fully five of the
Johnnies to every
one of us, but that only made our boys fight harder. We were
firing just as fast as we could reload and aim, and our men were
“The rebels aimed at the men nearest the colors, so the
men who were
about the colors are hit first. Our company was stationed to the
left of our colors and as rapidly as the men near the colors were hit
we moved up. Our color bearer, brave Charlie Morris, was
killed. Our regimental monument at Gettysburg, by the way,
is a soldier in full uniform, and the figure was modeled after Morris.
“So many of the color company had been killed and
wounded that our
company, the next one to the colors, had moved up to the position about
the regimental flag. I was close to the colors when a bullet
struck my left leg. It was only a flesh wound and I kept on
“About 2:30 or 3 p. m. I was wounded again, and this
time the ball
shattered a bone in the right leg. That put me out of action and
I was ordered to the rear to the field hospital. I had been able
to bandage my right leg with a towel and stop the flow of blood and I
could just barely walk.
“Before I was hit and was ordered to the rear I knew
that we would have
to retreat. But the boys did not want to retreat. When it
was impossible to hold the position longer and the officers ordered
them to retreat the boys had to be driven back before they would
stir. In all my experience I never saw such heroic spirit as the
men of the 1st Corps showed that first day at Gettysburg.
“As soon as Stuart’s Cavalry rode away I told Kelly to
run up the road
and intercept Buford’s Cavalry and tell the general which way the
rebels had gone. He did so and pretty soon we heard the Union
Cavalry in pursuit, attacking Stuart’s rear.”*
Mr. Lehman on returning to Massachusetts applied for a
the 59th Massachusetts Infantry, but the examining surgeon declared
that the wound made further service impossible.
*I can't figure out this passage as it relates to
to Table of Contents
on July 2nd
& July 3rd
Pictured is Lieutenant
Sanford K. Goldsmith. He was wounded in battle July 2nd.
K. Goldsmith, age,
19; born, Milton, N.H. clerk; mustered in as priv., Co. C, July 16, '61
mustered out, Jan. 6, '64; commissioned 1st lieut., 59th Mass.;
residence, Andover, Mass.
Biographical information on Captain Goldsmith was
found in the book, Abraham
of Andover, and His Descendants,
by George Mooar, Boston; 1901. Sanford K. Goldsmith was the
of Daniel P. and Rebecca King Goldsmith born in Wilton N.H., January
22, 1842. He enlisted as private in Company C, when the
4th Battalion of Rifles
was organized in Boston. In January, 1864 he mustered out of
the 13th to be commissioned a 2nd
the 59th Regiment, M.V.I., Colonel J. P. Gould's new command.
Goldsmith was soon appointed
1st-Lieutenant. The following year in March, 1865, he was
breveted captain for gallantry at Fort Steadman, where he was wounded,
and commissioned captain a few weeks afterward. During his
service with the 13th, he was taken prisoner at the 2nd Battle of Bull
Run, and wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg. After
the war he settled in Andover,
Mass., for many years, and was employed at the Boston Custom
House. Sanford married Olive Francis Mooar,
1, 1865, and the couple had two children that survived; Oswald Francis,
in 1869, and Louise Stevens born in 1874. Their first child,
Sanford born, 1868, died at nearly 8 years of age, in 1876. Captain
Sanford was very active in the Thirteenth Regiment Association and
attended nearly every re-union dinner, with the exception of
4 or 5 meetings,
and his death in 1920. In 1917 he was President of the
Association. Sanford belonged to Boston, Post 113 of the
He attended the 1890 G.A.R. encampment in Boston and
at the room in Young's Hotel, set aside by the Association for veterans
of the regiment
to gather during the event. In the latter part of his life he
retired to St. Albans, Vermont.
Wounded, July 2, 1863
Sanford K. Goldsmith (pic)
Captured, July 2, 1863
Dover, Mass., Paroled.
Missing, July 2, 1863
Austin D. Brigham
Wounded, July 3rd, 1863
Private Church is the only fatality listed for
3rd. But the roster lists Private George S.Wise and Corporal
Fiske as July 3rd casualties so I have placed their names here along
with several others listed in the roster as being wounded that day.
In a letter written to Massachusetts Governor John
Batchelder of the '13th Mass' concluded his description of
the action on July
3rd with this sentence, "Our
entrenched itself and remained
doing sharpshooting Pickets duty which has added several names to our
list." Many of the men listed below were originally included
the list of wounded for July 1st, but the regimental roster specifies
these men were wounded on July 3rd. It is readily seen that
are from the same three companies, D, E, & G, lending credence
to the statement.
Frank B. Hastings
Mass. The Roster says he was wounded July 3rd.
George S. Wise
Mass. Gunshot wound in leg.
d. July 14, 1863, and buried in Peter Conover's field;
Gettysburg, Pa.; Age 18. (notes)
Mass., Shot left shoulder and breast. Died at 2nd
Division, 1st Corps Hospital, Gettysburg, Pa. Age, 28. (notes)
Edgar A. Fiske
Mass., Severely wounded in 3 places and killed July 3, 1863,
Gettysburg, Pa.; Age 25. (notes)
Benjamin P. Norris
Charles R. Dale (pic)
Roster says Dale was wounded July 3rd.
Mass. Roster says Garvey was wounded July 3rd.
Mass. Roster says wounded July 3rd.
Huntington Porter (pic)
Mass., Wounded left leg /
Roster says Porter was wounded July 3rd.
Uriah H. Smith
Mass. Roster says Smith was wounded July 3rd.
age, 28; born, Derby,
Conn.; carpenter; mustered in as priv., Co. E, July 16, '61; killed,
July 3, '63.
Reports from the Massachusetts Adjutant
General's Office remark that Private Church was
wounded at 2nd Bull Run, and then again at Gettysburg. Data
was shot in the left shoulder and breast, and died at the 2nd
Division, 1st Corp Hospital, Gettysburg. The book, 'These
Honored Dead' repeats much of this information in
CHURCH, Edward (Pvt.) Co. "E": Wounded in the left
and chest 3 July and died the same day at 2nd Division, I Corps
Hospital; buried in Presbyterian Graveyard, Gettysburg; 28, Roxbury.
below is a portrait attributed to be Corporal Charles R. Dale, Company
age, 19; born, Matagorda, Tex.;
currier; mustered in as priv., Co. G, July 16, '6l; mustered out, Aug.
1, '64; wounded, July 3, '63; residence, Stoneham, Mass.
Mr. Art Rideout found the following biographical
information on Private Dale. Charles
R. Dale was born in Matagorda County Texas to Charles Dale and Isabel
Plunket on July 22, 1841. The census record for 1855
show him living in Woburn, Massachusetts. Charles was wounded
the battle of Antietam, and at the battle of Gettysburg.
the war, Dale married Matilda M. Eastman, (1844-1908) on
September 26, 1866 in Melrose, Mass. They had no children.
Charles filed for an invalid pension in July, 1871. I did not
find Charles listed as attending any of the Thirteenth Regiment
Association re-union dinners, yet it is possible he attended the
Stoneham G.A.R. gatherings. A veterans census shows the
in Watertown, Mass. in 1890 and in Stoneham, in 1900. Charles death is
recorded in the town of Stoneham, on Jan. 6, 1903. He
fractured his neck which suggests a fall. His age was 61
and 5 months. Matilda filed for a widow's pension in April,
She died of pneumonia on January 8, 1908 at age 63.
the Dales are buried at Lindenwood Cemetery in Stoneham.
is Private Huntington Porter, Company G. This
photo is part of a digital exhibit of Civil War Veterans from the town
of Woburn, posted at the Woburn
Public Library, website, by Mr. Tom Doyle, Archivist of
the library. Click
here to see the exhibit, (you will be leaving this website).
Porter; age, 22;
born, Lynn, Mass.; clerk; mustered in as priv., Co. G,
July 16, '61, mustered out, Jan. 30, '64; wounded, July 1 '63;
residence, Boston, Mass.
Mr. Tom Doyle, Archivist of
Woburn Public Library
provided me with several newspaper articles on the life of Huntington
Porter. The newspaper obituary found in the 'Woburn News,'
July 28, 1899, was
full of information about his life and military career, which I will
quote from here.
Porter was a native of Lynn, his birth
occurring on April 29, 1839. He was the son of Oliver and
Aurora Freeman (Stimpson) Porter. He was in the seventh
generation from Richard Porter who settled in Weymouth in
1635. His childhood was passed in the city of his
nativity. When Huntington was nine years of age his father
removed to Waterford, Me., where for 35 years he conducted a grocery
business. In those days, every grocer sold liquors, and
Huntington used to say his father was the second grocer in Maine to
give up this branch of the business from principle.
attended the public schools in
Waterford and assisted in
his father’s store. Later he went to Stoneham and entered the
currying shop of William Tidd. Then he was employed in the
grocery store of Aaron Hill of that town until the breaking out of the
War of the Rebellion, when he enlisted in the Stoneham Company –G. 13th
Infantry Massachusetts Volunteers – and marched away. He
served in the various campaigns which followed, often on special duty
at head-quarters. When Lee marched north he was ordered back
to his regiment and took part in the battle of Antietam. He
was at Gettysburg, and was very near the gallant Gen. Reynolds who was
killed in the first day’s fight. In this battle Porter was
wounded in the ankle and his foot was amputated in the field
hospital. The wound did not heal and a second amputation at
the knee joint was necessary.
necessitated his retirement from the army,
and he returned to
Stoneham where he remained a short time. In February, 1866,
he came to North Woburn and engaged in the currying business first with
a man named Tidd, and later with Mr. Freeman Leslie. In 1871
he opened a cigar store at the Centre in the store now occupied by
Thomas Moran, upholsterer, No. 304 Main street. When the Allen Block
was built he took the store now occupied by Belcher, and there he
conducted a successful business for several years. It was a
popular resort for the young men of nearly thirty years ago.
In 1883, Mr. Porter was appointed to a position in the Boston Custom
House, and by faithfulness and clerical ability rose to the rank of
triplicate invoice clerk. In May, 1898, ill health compelled
him to retire."
Huntington Porter married
Ella Frances Poole in April, 1871. From the Thirteenth
Regiment Association Circulars it is found he attended the
in Boston in 1891, January, 1894, and December, 1894, December 1895, in
which year he was elected one of the 'at-large' officers of the
Regiment Association, and December, 1896. He sent his regrets
that he could not attend the event in December 1898, which is the last
he is mentioned in the circulars. He became ill
that year and died at his home, "No. 92 Pleasant street at 4.15 a.m.
Thursday, July 27, aged 60 years, 2 months, 28 days. He had
been in failing health for a year and more, but was confined to his bed
only three weeks. Consumption following bronchial trouble was
the cause of death." A number of the 13th boys were on hand
to see him off. The August 5th newspaper report of his
funeral stated the following:
procession was escorted to the grave
in Woodbrook by members of Post 161, under command of Com. E. F.
Wyer. In the line were the following members of G Company,
13th Mass., Captain Charles E. Horne of Stoneham, Wallace W. Davis,*
Bancroft, James McKay, W. K. Pratt, R. C. Tolman and Orn Green of
bearers were: Capt. George H.
Parker and John Best
of G Company, 13th Mass., and Major H.C. Hall, John Maloney (Company E,
98th NY Vols), S.V.C. E.W. Junkins, and Past Commander George E. Fowle
of Post 161 GAR."
Wallace Davis, Company G, '13th Mass.'
to Top of Page
Pictured below is the stone
marking the Massachusetts section of the Gettysburg National Cemetery.
The list following is soldiers of the '13th Mass'
Gettysburg National Cemetery
George S. Wise
John M. Brock
Frank A. Gould
Prince A. Dunton
Edgar A. Fiske
South Cemetery, Gettysburg, Pa.
Charles A. Clement
Park Cemetery, Baltimore Maryland
William H. Gage
Pictures and Notes
Below are pictures of '13th
Mass' stone markers at Gettysburg National Cemetery.
S. Wise; age, 18; born,
mustered in as priv., Co. D, July 16, '61; died of wounds, July 12,
'63, received at Gettysburg.
The book, 'These
Honored Dead' adds that Private Wise, received a
gunshot wound in the
leg and died July 14, 1863, He was initially buried in Peter
Gettysburg, Pa., and re-interred at the National Cemetery.
SamWebster of Company D, the same company as Wise,
was not engaged on the lines during the battle but he was present at
various places during the battle at
Gettysburg. Sam was a 17 year old drummer. He wrote
in his diary July 4th, "Reg’t lays
in the strip of woods to the left
of the cemetery. Dead
sharpshooting from the
lines in front. Lt.
Jo Stewart’s cup was
shot through as he raised it to his mouth. He
said it was a “close shot” and drank the rest of
the coffee. Jack
Leonard has been on
piquet line nearly
the whole time of the fight. Wise
shot in the thigh, by a sharpshooter, and is badly hurt.
Joe Kelly is acting
Orderly Sergt. Only
seven of us left."
Private Edwin Field; age, 20;
Mass.; clerk; mustered in as priv., Co. B, July 16, '61; killed, July
Edwin Field's biography is at the top section of
this page, where his picture is posted, here.
age, 21; born,
Ireland; shoemaker; mustered in as priv., Co. K, July 16, '61; died of
wounds received at Gettysburg, Oct. 8, '63. [Both the pension
file and Adjutant General of Massachusetts state the date of death
November 8, 1863].
In his memoirs, Private Austin Stearns of Company
K, mentions O'Laughlin at the Church Hospital on Chambersburg Street.
the afternoon while [I was] in the church with the boys, the surgeons
came around to make an examination of Mike O’Laughlin’s wound; he was
shot through the knee, and the bone was badly smashed. They
it a pretty thorough looking over, and concluded it must be taken
off. Mike cried like a baby when the surgeons made their
decision, and plead his poverty and an aged Mother that was dependent
on him as a reason why he could not part [with] it. I pittied
him, as did all the surgeons, and they promised to wait a few days
before taking it off, but poor Mike, he lost his limb and his life as
Author John W. Busey writes in his book, 'These
Honored Dead' : Left leg fractured; died
November 8, at
Hospital and buried the next day "at the cemetery." The
Massachusetts Adjutant General Report agrees with this.
Mike O’Lauglin’s lament for his elderly mother was
justified. Immediately after Mike’s death, his mother filed
for a pension and her family situation was not good.
Mike was one of five children of Patrick and
Margaret O’Laughlin. His father was dead and the old lady,
age 65 lived “on very small means in a ruinous cottage which is barely
a shelter from the weather,” in the town of Shrewsbury Mass.
She was too old and infirm to earn anything herself, and had relied on
her son Michael, for her support, for the past 3 or 4 years.
His mother told the pension office that her son John was feeble minded
and required care and attention himself, that her son Patrick has been
married about a year and has a wife and child and cannot possibly do
more than support his own family and that her daughters Margaret and
Mary were out of work, and that Mary’s health was not good.
When Michael enlisted Mrs. O”Laughlin
received 50¢/week aid from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts for about
until her son Patrick was married. From then, she received
Massachusetts aid in the amount of $1/week.
Daughters Mary and Margaret provided a sworn
statement, February 23, 1864, to support their mother’s claim for a
pension. In it they stated that brother John was weak minded
and could earn his living but certainly no more, that their brother
Michael who died in the service, did for many years assist their mother
very much, mostly in money; that for the last year she has depended on
him entirely. None of the family can read or write, so they
kept no account of the times when he sent the money or most of the
sums, but they remember at one time he sent home $15.00, at another
$20.00 and at another $35.00 for her support. The volunteer Privates'
$13.00/month so Michael sent home to his mother 5 ¼ months
Its nice to know Margaret was successful in her
application and received a pension from the government at $12/month
through March 4, 1890, when it is presumed the old lady passed away.
Frank A. Gould; age,
20; born, Clinton, Mass.; mechanic; mustered in as priv., Co. K, July
16, '61, died of wounds received at Gettysburg, July 1, '63.
Although Frank A. Gould has a stone marker and is
supposedly buried at the Gettysburg National Cemetery, family lore
claims his remains were removed to Southboro, Massachusetts and buried
The carefully researched book "These
A. (pvt) Co. "K"; Wounded in the
hip 1 July; died 14 July and buried in the Presbyterian
Graveyard, Gettysburg; (A-36 Massachusetts Plot)(another source
provides evidence that his remains were brought to Southborough, Mass.
and buried there); born at Lancaster, Mass. 28 July 1841; son
of James E. and Harriet Gould; Southborough.
I know of two of Private Gould's war time letters
that exist. The first letter dated Williamsport, Md.,
December 29, 1861, was once owned by Mr. Kirk McHugh and carefully
researched by him. In the letter to his Uncle Jonathan, Frank
Gould writes about his enlistment, the trip to the front, the early
marches and skirmishes of the regiment at Harper's Ferry, and worries
about his friends in the 15th Mass, captured at the Battle of Ball's
Bluff. He also asks his uncle what he thinks of the Mason and
affair. All in all a very interesting 4 page letter.
Here is a short portion:
I have an optunity to wright a few lines I will improve it by writing
to you. I
have been thinking of righting to you for a long time but have not seen
good chance before now. I left West Boylston the first of last April
down home to Southboro. I staid at home Just a week. When I enlisted
Company at Westboro, We drilled every day for 7 or 8 weeks when we was
to the 13 regt. Col. Leonard at Fort - Independence The 29 of June we
the Fort in Boston Harbor. We staid their first one month when we
the seat of war."
The second letter of Frank Gould is in the
Antietam National Battlefield Park Library files for the 13th M.V.I.
I do not have a copy of that letter. In 2001 a
great-great nephew of Gould's contacted me and said
that family lore believed Gould was wounded at Gettysburg, July 1st,
and that he laid on the battlefield through the night, when he was
brought to a field hospital and died the next day. After Gould's death
the family had the body removed and buried in Southborough, Mass.
It is possible that Gould was removed to a field
hospital on July 2nd. Austin Stearns actually saw Gould with
wounded comrades from the regiment at the Christ Church Hospital on
that day. But Stearns does not mention when Gould arrived.
the morning of the 2d I was astir early, and did what I could to make
Harvey [Ross] comfortable, then went down and saw the other boys, and
with Charlie Fay started out on the street to see and hear what we
could and if possible get something to eat. It was still
quite early but there were soldiers moving around."
Stearns returns to
the church much later and continues:
"I then went
church to see the boys. I found there in addition to Ross,
M.H. Walker wounded in foot, Privates G. E. Sprague in chest, M.
O’Laughlin, in knee, Frank Gould in hip and back, Horatio Cutting in
head, Albion Vining in foot. Cutting, Gould, O’Laughlin, and
Sprague all died in a few days. All the boys were in as good
could be expected, and were all pleased to know that the old flag was
still in sight." [End Quote]
October12, 2016, I called the
Southborough Rural Cemetery, in Worcester County, Mass. They
have in their records Frank A. Gould,
interred at the cemetery July 14, 1863; Section 3, Lot 20.
John M. Brock; age, 21; born, Mexico, Me.; shoemaker;
as priv., Co. H, July 19, '61; killed, July 1, '63.
source material on Company H, but Brock's death was seen by Lt. William
Warner and recorded in his memoirs. Warner saw Private Brock
battle right after Private S. A. Hayes. Warner
same Company J.M. Brock, a tall slim young man with very black hair
& dark features fell & I recall vividly the ghastliness
face, contrasted with his dark hair, as I noticed him for a
The book, 'These Honored Dead'
states Brock was wounded in
heart and killed.
Prince A. Dunton;
age, 20; born, Hope,
mustered in as priv., Co. H, July 16, '61; died of wounds received,
July 1, '63.
To this record author John W. Busey adds in his
work, "These Honored Dead",
that Corporal Dunton was shot in
the hip and foot, July 1st and
died the same day at Christ Church Hospital, where he was buried.
Corporal Dunton enlisted from the town of Natick, where much
of Company H was organized.
At least one of Corporal Dunton's
letters survives as a transcription in the archives at
National Battlefield. In the letter dated September 24, 1862, Dunton
tells his friend how he re-joined
regiment at Hall's Hill, after the disastrous defeat of 2nd Bull Run.
Its a terrific description of the Battle of Antietam as
the '13th Mass.'
"They was in the
Run fight and lost 125 men in killed, wounded and missing.
They also lost all their knapsacks.
They looked pretty rough
to what they did
when I left them. The
company I belong
to lost 10 men in the fight. The
regiment had orders to march soon after."
the march and fighting at South Mountain, and other things, Dunton
wrote of his experience at Antietam:
"About half past
5 in the morning our skirmishers was sent forward and came in contact
with the Rebels. Our division under General Ricketts was the
first to move forward. We opened fire on them about 6
o’clock. They froged into us hot and heavy but we gave
them as good as they sent. Our Brigadier General Hartsuff was
the first man hit. He was wounded in the side. We
was under fire two hours. Our regiment lost in killed and
wounded 150 men. My company had 4 killed and 9
wounded. I fired 28 rounds and came out of it without a
scratch. One ball had just grazed my shoe. The men
that stood each side of me both got shot. I do not see how
any of us got out alive."
letter can be read on this website here.
Edgar A. Fiske;
age, 25; born, Millbury,
mustered in as Corp., Co. E, July 16, '61; promoted to sergeant;
killed, July, '63.
I have very little information on Company E, and
Corporal Edgar Fiske. Author John Busey wrote in
'These Honored Dead', that Fiske, from Roxbury,
where Company E was
organized, was 'Severely wounded in three places and killed July
Whether it was the same position on the picket
of July 3rd, or not , I have this story from Sgt. Austin
Stearns Memoirs, 'Three Years in the Army':
"Comstock of K,
[Private Charles Comstock] during the days of fighting was out on the
skirmish line. The
officer in charge of them cautioned him when he went out, telling him
that there had been several men shot at the post he was going to."
This story of Comstock's experiences on the picket line will
continue on another web page, but perhaps this is where Fiske was
killed on July 3rd.
age, 29; born. New Portland,
Me.; blacksmith; mustered in as priv., Co. K, July 16, '61; died of
wounds received at Gettysburg, July 26, '63.
Austin Stearns recalls the following about Flye:
"On going back
church I saw a
ambulance standing before the door with several of our Surgeons
standing besides it earnestly talking. On getting near I heard
they were talking about some one in the ambulance. On looking
I saw there, dressed in a rebel uniform and very weak from the loss of
blood, John Flye, the first man of our company hit. I told
surgeons that I knew that man, that we were of the same company, and
they immediately ordered him to be taken in. Flye was left on
field, and the rebs finding him, and seeing his cloths covered and
growing stiff with blood, had exchanged his pants for one of
their own and brought him in. The surgeons, seeing him in
could not believe he was a union soldier. Flye died in a few
The date of John Flye’s death is July 26,
1863. His wife Harriet writes, ‘when my husband died, I was
with him at Gettysburg Pa. That after he died I returned to
Roxbury, Mass. where I had been while my husband was in the army.’
Harriet applied for a Widow’s Pension in December,
1863. Her lawyer, Horatio Woodman of
Boston was successful in helping her obtain it. The pension
for $8.00/month was granted in February, 1864. About the same
time, a Mr. Alphonso Sawtell of Augusta, Maine applied for a pension as
legal guardian of John Flye’s minor child by a previous
Documents submitted show in January, 1849, John married
Jane Bragg at Augusta, Maine. Their son, John, was born April
1850. The marriage ended in divorce at Boston, in May,
1857. Mr. Sawtelle of Augusta was appointed the legal
guardian of their child in Probate Court. Mr. Sawtelle also
stated that at the time of his claim, Fry’s former wife was re-married
to a Mr. William H. Brock. His pension claim was consolidated with
Harriet’s. The amount rewarded to Mr. Sawtelle, is unknown;
as those documents are in a different file than those I have for
Things seemed to have proceeded well for a while but on
May 27, 1867, a
Pension Agent suspended payments to Harriet.
On September 11, 1867, her lawyer, Horatio Woodman wrote
a letter to
the Commissioner of Pensions. “Sir, I procured for Miss
Harriet Fly, widow of John Fly, pr. Co. “K” 13th Mass: Vols: a pension,
…dated Feb’y 15 1864.
'She comes to me to-day saying that further pay’t
is refused at our
agency, because, a widow, claiming under a prior marriage, has applied
to your office for a pension. Mrs. Fly, a Massachusetts
woman, is of excellent character, and believed, and believes herself
entitled. It seems the other claimant has been three times
So, once again Harriet had to re-establish her right to
pension. New documents were submitted between September and December,
1868, in which she wrote; “…when I was married I was told by my said
husband John Fly that he had a former wife but that she had been
divorced from him, and therefore under those circumstances I knew I
could marry him.” She also re-submitted a statement that she
is the widow of John Fly and that she has not re-married since the
death of her husband, and that any statement made to the effect that I
have re-married…'is false in every particular.'
A copy of the 1857 divorce record of John and Rachel
Fly, was among the
pension file documents.
On May 7, 1869, the Pension Agent resumed Harriet’s
William H. Gage; age,
21; born, Pelham, N.H.; hatter; mustered in as priv., Co. H, July 16,
'6l; died at Baltimore, of wounds received July 1, 63.
I have very little source material from the men in
Company H. John Busey's book, 'These
adds a little bit of detail to Private Gage's record:
the leg, July
1. Died of gangrene at a
Baltimore Hospital Aug. 20; Age 21.'
to Table of
In addition to Frank Gould,
who is not buried at Gettysburg as marked, there are some other
anomalies for the regiment at the National Cemetery.
There are some '13th
Mass' casualties from the Battle of Antietam buried in the Gettysburg
National Cemetery, close to their comrades who died at
Gettysburg, -- but not in the same row.
They are Charles Wellington, and Charles Trask, and,
vexing, Private George F. Leslie, Company D, whose grave is
mis-marked, as G. F.
Leonard; an error carved in stone.
When the National Cemetery at Gettysburg was
organized, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts decided it wanted its own
section, reserved for the burial of Massachusetts soldiers.
Consequently, three Massachusetts soldiers, (2 from the 13th
Mass, and one from the 12th Mass) who died from
wounds received at the battle of Antietam, and were buried in
Chambersburg, Pa., were re-interred at Gettysburg. They
Privates Charles A. Trask, and Charles H. Wellington of
The roster in "Three Years in the Army" states that
Privates Trask and Wellington died on the same date, October 2nd, 1862.
The Massachusetts Adjutant General Reports record the same.
However, in a September 7, 2009 video presentation by
Gettysburg Battlefield Guide Roy Frampton, on the website 'Gettysburg
Daily,' historian Frampton states that Wellington and Trask were
removed with other wounded soldiers to a hospital in Chambersburg, PA.
That Wellington died, October 5, 1862, and Trask died the
next day, October 6, 1862. I do not know the source of that
Poor Private Leslie who lies beneath a stone
marker with the wrong name, died July, 1863. This information comes
from careful research done by Jane Snoot, at the website 'Find A
Grave.' The Massachusetts Adjutant General's report, and the
'13th Mass.' roster only state that Private Leslie was
discharged from the service on March 17, 1863. Consequently
he is not
listed as one of the regiment's fatal casualties.
George F. Leslie; age, 20;
Mass.; clerk; mustered in as
priv., Co. D, July 16, '61; mustered out, March, '63, at Newark, N.J.;
wounded at Antietam, Sept. 17, '62; deceased.
On the website, 'Find A Grave,' researcher Jen
Snoots, stated she believes 'G. F. Leonard,' is actually,
George F. Leslie, 13th Mass., Company D. I believe she is
correct. Besides Colonel Leonard, the only other soldier on
the roster with the name Leonard is Andrew Leonard of Company D, who
gained an officers commission in another unit. Ms. Snoots
F. Leslie was a 20-year-old clerk residing at
when he enlisted as a private on June 25, 1861. He was mustered into
13th Massachusetts Infantry, on July 16, 1861. Private Leslie was
action at Antietam,
September 17, 1862. Private Leslie
was hospitalized at
Jersey, where he was
medically discharged for wounds on March 17, 1863. He died a
in July 1863."
National Cemetery/Massachusetts: No. 100. Leonard, George F. (no rank,
no company), 13th Massachusetts (no date of death or interment).
(Source: Roll of Honor: Names of Soldiers who Died in Defense of the
American Union. Vol. XVII. Page 86. United States Army Quartermaster
Corps. Washington, DC, Government Printing Office, 1868)
[Find A Grave] Sept. 7, 2008."
H. Wellington; age, 23; born, Holden, Mass.: bootmaker;
mustered in as
priv., Co. K, July 16, '61; died of wounds received at Antietam, Oct.
Charles A. Trask;
age, 20; born, Starke, Me.; shoemaker; mustered in as priv., Co. K,
July l6, '61; died, Oct. 2, '62, of wounds received at
To revisit the Battle of Antietam, when Company K
left the field that day, only 3 men were standing, of the 35 men who
went into the battle with Capt. Hovey.** Austin
Stearns in his memoirs makes brief mention of Privates Wellington and
Trask, both whom received mortal wounds in the battle. "At
the stack [haystacks behind the lines] were Sergeants Greenwood shot
through the shoulder, Fay through arm, Cordwell hit on head with piece
of shell, Corp'l Davenport through the foot, and Private Trask with a
mortal wound in side and back by a piece of shell. ...Duke
Wellington mortaly wounded and left on field, Cap't Hovey
wounded and gone on with many others."
The roster in Austin Stearn's memoirs adds,
that Wellington and Trask, both died at Chambursburg, PA,
received at Antietam.
*Another source says
Wellington died October 5th,
and Trask died October 6th. See paragraph above, in this
**Westboro Transcript. October
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